AMH 2010 exam 1 notes

Topics: Slavery, Native Americans in the United States, Slavery in the United States Pages: 5 (2006 words) Published: October 31, 2014

Nhi Le
Mid-term essay outline
Explain the four major types of British colonial communities that developed by the middle of the 18th century. Talk about the economic, political, and social characteristics that made each community that made each community unique. Introduction

Introduce 4 major types of British colonial communities: Urban seaports, Backcountry/frontier, settled farming, and southern plantation These communities are distinguished by their uniqueness in economic, political and social characteristics Body

Urban seaports: Cities like Boston, New York, Newport, Philadelphia, Charleston became major urban seaports and commercial centers populated by rich and poor alike. In the 1700s, such cities were small and densely settled places characterized by congestion, ethnic and cultural diversity, high rates of poverty, and the many dangers of disease, fire, protest and riots. Wealthy merchants and traders became economically and politically powerful, and the pathway to their profession was upwardly mobile Important for trade: connect colonies to the rest of the world NY, Boston, crammed, crowded problems (disease, houses built of wood burn, social tension) MiddlingsWealthy people make money through trade/merchants

Polyglot: diverse, huge number of people from different places Class-based society capitalism prices set by the market
Backcountry/frontier
As the next generation of colonists moved westward to find new, fertile land, they encountered plentiful acreage at cheap prices.  Frontier families lived with the bare necessities acquired through subsistence farming, created a widely dispersed society of equals, and were subjected to a disorganized existence without organized law and order, community institutions, or organized churches.  Thus, frontier communities became volatile and violent places where deep divisions festered between its residents and those of the eastern seaboard. Frontier: line area right on the edge of savagery (Indians) and civilization (white settlers) people go there for economic opportunities

Ethnic Divisions - east tended to be English while frontier population was increasingly "foreign" - German, Scot-Irish, etc. Economic Divisions - east tended to be small self-sufficient farmers or commercial farmers with greater security; frontier dramatically subsistence with little security. Political Grievances of frontier farmers against eastern seaboard:  inadequate protection of settlers; unequal political representation of settlers in assembles; failure of east to provide courts for frontier; and disputed colonial boundaries. Settled farming communities

The vast majority of New Englanders, as well as many inhabitants of the middle colonies and most farmers in the southern colonies still lived on small, family run and self-reliant farms. Subsistent: you raise it, you eat it

Family enterprise need a lot of kids for labourDon’t live yet in the market because capitalism has not come yet They only grow crops for the family, not for selling
Market provides opportunities to buy stuff that they want yet weren’t able to produce slowly moving towards capitalism
not really “settled”, because if the father dies and has 2 sons divide land smaller land sons can’t feed their families needs more take more land from the Native Americans Southern plantation

No colonial environment was so deeply unequal and violent as those of the southern plantations.  It was a world of free and slave, rich and poor - a world in which upward mobility was difficult if not impossible - and a world that was uniquely American. Conclusion

How and why did slavery change in light of both Bacon’s rebellion and the South Carolina Negro Act of 1740? Give political, social, and economic reasons for the change. Introduction
- 2 big rebellions: Bacon’s rebellion and Stono Rebellion – which ultimately led to the Negro Act in 1740 - have led to drastic changes in slavery. Body
Bacon’s rebellion
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