The Result of the French and Indian War
During the early months of 1763, the Treaty of Paris had been signed and the French and Indian War came to a close in colonial America, temporarily ending foreign conflicts within North America, although peace between the European powers of Great Britain and France had been established, this war evoked tension between England and its American colonies. The French and Indian War caused the American Revolution because its outcomes such as the large debt led to Parliament passing taxes, acts, and systems that enraged the colonists to the point that they sought independence. Many of these acts attempted to heal the wounds of the French and Indian War but only managed to create new ones. In June of 1765, Parliament passed the Quartering Act, forcing colonists to provide food and clothing to British troops, which had been difficult to accomplish during the war. The colonists had sent no representatives to Great Britain to negotiate this act that had been forced upon them (French and Indian). Many colonists were outraged by the act, especially New Yorkers who had their legislation suspended as a result of ignoring the act. John Dickinson, a Pennsylvanian legislator and lawyer, describes his New Yorker brothers’ blight in Letters from a Pennsylvanian Farmer when he states, “The Crown might have restrained the governor of New York even from calling the assembly together, by its prerogative in the royal governments. …It seems therefore to me as much a violation of the liberty of the people of that province, and consequently of all these colonies, as if the Parliament had sent a number of regiments to be quartered upon them, till they should comply” (Dickinson). American colonists viewed the Quartering Act as tyrannical and a sign that Parliament can dictate the lives of Americans without any representation. Although the colonies swore an oath to the British Crown, they maintained a self-sufficient government with laws and leadership of its own. That changed however when the British brought their war to the American’s backyard. Dickinson goes on to say, “If the British Parliament has a legal authority to issue an order that we shall furnish a single article for the troops here and compel obedience to that order, they have the same right to issue an order for us supply those troops with arms, clothes, and every necessary, and to compel obedience to that order also; in short, to lay any burdens they please upon us” (Dickinson). British politicians, despite the colonists’ outcries, claimed that the Quartering Act was justified because the colonies should be responsible for the economic casualties brought upon England from the war on the frontier. Faith Jaycox, a historian, Ph.D. candidate, and author of Colonial Era, An Eyewitness History relays how the British planned on fixing their economy when she claimed, “In April 1763, a month after the Treaty of Paris was signed; George Grenville became the Crown's chief adviser. He immediately developed plans to reduce England's unprecedented national debt and to balance future budgets. Grenville was determined to require colonists to finance part of their own administration and defense” (Jaycox). American colonists disagreed, believing that they should not be responsible for the results of a foreign war and were greatly aggravated by the Quartering Acts. Following the Quartering Act in 1765 was yet another unpopular act made to reduce the debt from the French and Indian War, the Stamp Act, which placed taxes on paper products in the colonies. The Stamp Act was largely unpopular due to the fact that, once again, none of the colonies sent representatives to negotiate the act and was viewed as negligence to the colonists’ rights. An article titled The American Revolution: Causes of Conflict authored by Kennedy Hickman supports the colonists’ frustration when it states, “On March 22, 1765, Parliament passed the Stamp Act which called...
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