American Red Cross vs. Turkish Red Crescent

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Table of Contents

Abstract American Red Cross Turkish Red Crescent The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) American Red Cross vs. Turkish Red Crescent Governance Ethics Stakeholders References

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This paper is focused on the comparison of two nonprofit humanitarian aid organizations called American Red Cross (ARC) and Turkish Red Crescent (TRC) “KIZILAY”. These two National Societies both share the same principles which are: Humanity, Impartiality, Neutrality, Independence, Voluntary Service, Unity, and Universality.

Before we proceed with an in-depth comparison of these two National Societies we would take a look at their mission and vision statements as well as their brief history to get an idea about their reasons for their existence:

American Red Cross

Mission: The American Red Cross prevents and alleviates human suffering in the face of emergencies by mobilizing the power of volunteers and the generosity of donors.

Vision: The American Red Cross aspires to turn compassion into action so that...all people affected by disaster across the country and around the world receive care, shelter and hope; our communities are ready and prepared for disasters; everyone in our country has access to safe, lifesaving blood and blood products; all members of our armed services and their families find support and comfort whenever needed; and in an 3

emergency, there are always trained individuals nearby, ready to use their Red Cross skills to save lives.

History: Clara Barton and a circle of her acquaintances founded the American Red Cross in Washington, D.C. on May 21, 1881. As one of the nation’s premier humanitarian organizations, the American Red Cross is dedicated to helping people in need throughout the United States and, in association with other Red Cross networks, throughout the world. It depends on the many generous contributions of time, blood, and money from the American public to support our lifesaving services and programs.

Turkish Red Crescent

Mission: Turkish Red Crescent Society is a humanitarian organization that provides relief to the vulnerable and those in need by mobilizing the power and resources of the community to protect human dignity anytime, anywhere, under any conditions and support the enhancement of the community’s capacity to cope with disasters.

Vision: The vision of the Turkish Red Crescent Society is to be a humanitarian aid organization that embraces and is embraced by the entire society, constantly enhancing its reputation and quality of service at national and international levels.

History: The Turkish Red Crescent Society was born from a desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded and sick soldiers on the battlefield.


The Red Crescent was established on 11 June 1868. The name "Red Crescent / Kizilay" was given to the organization by the great leader Ataturk in 1947.

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC)

American Red Cross (ARC) and Turkish Red Crescent (TRC) are two of the many National Societies in the world which are part of The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC). IFRC is the world's largest humanitarian organization, providing assistance without discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. The IFRC vision is to inspire, encourage, facilitate and promote at all times all forms of humanitarian activities by National Societies, with a view to preventing and alleviating human suffering, and thereby contributing to the maintenance and promotion of human dignity and peace in the world.

In the aftermath of World War I, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) was...

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