American prison system fails to rehabilitate

Topics: Prison, Sociology, Corrections Pages: 2 (466 words) Published: April 1, 2014
Sherrod Gray
Professor Best
SPE 100-081
March 18, 2014
Informative Outline
Specific Purpose Statement: To inform my audience that the American prison system fails to rehabilitate people confined within its walls. Main Points:
I. Our current prison system cripples its inhabitants through the process of institutionalization. II. Rehabilitation is hinder because prison aren’t equipped to handle the mentally ill. Introduction

Many of us know some on that’s been in and out of prison sadly it may it is their entire fault. Our prison systems fail to do one of its main jobs, which is rehabilitation. The word rehabilitation means to restore to former capacity, rank, or right. Rehabbing violators of the law is suppose to be the major goal our current corrections system. But our correctional facilities are failing to rehabilitate individuals that are incarcerated. The reason why the rehabilitation process is unsuccessful is because of the institutionalization of prisoners, the use of illegal drugs in prison, mental illness and the stigma that are attached to ex-convicts. Body

I. The prison system is not properly equipped to treat the population of mentally ill prisoners. Nor is it a place for the mentally ill to be placed for their crimes. a. “The same population of patients that are hospitalized for their illness end up in prison (Martin)”.

b. By Gage’s estimate, between 20 and 30 percent of Washington’s 16,700 inmates are mentally ill. (Martin)

II. Most criminals residing in prisons become institutionalized and no longer can function by the norms set by society. a. These people are crippled because they become so dependent on the institution for their basic needs that they no longer know how to provide for themselves after they have been released from prison. There are ex-convicts that commit new crimes in order to be sent back to prison where they know what’s expected of them. Their friends are there and the institution meets their most basic need of...

Cited: Martin, Johnthan. "Mental health in prisons: It’s a crime." Seattle Times 19 Oct. 2013. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. .
Masters, Ruth. Realities and Challenges. 2nd ed. N.p.: McGraw Hill Publish Company, 2012. 365. Print.
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