American Prison Systems
In many countries national prisons are operated and supplemented by provinces and state counterparts. Prisoners are held in prisons and jails throughout the country and globally convicted of various crimes and offenses. The nature of the offense determines where the prisoner is held and the lengths of times. There are institutions that vary in level of security in both the state and federal prison system. However, the majority of prisoners are sentenced and housed in state facilities in high security facilities.
State Prison System- History and Purpose
Sanctions are available in the courts the deal with those who commit criminal offences and are sentenced to correctional facilities including jails and prisons. Today’s sanctions are harsh; however, in early prison history the sanctions were harder. State prison systems were based on legal reforms of the eighteenth century, but were actually founded in the nineteenth century. Racism and the human right movements caused many rioted in prisons and formed new alliances.
By 1980, prisons were considered to be out of control and more than 40 states were forced to come under a federal court control. One major issue of America prison system that is rarely published is the way that prisoners are treated. The Prison Industrial Complex and United Sates International Prisons are forces that deal with these issues. The United States incarcerates more people than any other country globally each year. America uses prisons as a solution to reduce crime, however the situation continues to deteriorate instead of rehabilitate and combat the problem. State prison systems have incorporated and designed some programs to help convicts with social skills, education, and developing a trade.
By 2011 one in every 179 U. S. residents are expected to have lived in prison this is according to a report released by the Public Safety Performance...
References: The Howard League for Penal Reform http://www.howardleague.org/history-of-prison-system/
Jess Riordan Prison Growth Could Cost Up to $27.5 Billion Over Next 5 Years 02/14/2007 http://www.pewcenteronthestates.org/news_room_
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