American Pageant Chapter 27

Topics: Latin America, Theodore Roosevelt, United States Pages: 8 (3151 words) Published: January 26, 2015
Name: Koodrut Panesar
Date: 01/13/15
Period: 5
Chapter 27: Empire and Expansion


Yellow Journalism


Social Darwinism

The Influence of Sea Power Upon History

Pan-Americna Conference


Queen Liliuokalani

Valerino Weyle

De Lome letter

U.S.S Maine

Teller Amendment

George Dewey

Santiago, Cuba

Tampa, FL

William Shafter

Rough Riders


Philippines was a problem

Anti-Imperialist League

Rudyard Kipling

Foraker Act

Insular Case

Platt Amendment

John Hay

Elihu Root

Emilio Aguinaldo

William Taft

Benevolent assimilation

Spheres of Influence

Open Door Policy

Boxer Rebellion

First Modern Presi

Clayton-Bulwer Treaty

Hay-Pauncefote Treaty

Philippe Bunau-Varilla 

Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treat

William H. Gorgas

George Washington Goethals

Roosevelt Corollary

War Hawk TR turns to peace keeping

Gentlemen’s Agreement

Great White Fleet

Root- Takahira Agreement
1) America Turns Outward
a) By the end of the 19th century, America left behind its isolationist vows and turned towards imperialism. i) Until now, European nations had dominated international territory b) Many things influenced imperialism:

i) Yellow Journalism: caused the desire to take over land
(1) William Randolph Hearst: depicted the other continents as exciting, exotic and appealing in his newspapers. ii) Missionaries wanted to spread Christianity and “save souls” (1) Reverend Josiah Strong: called for imperialism I his book Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis. iii) Social Darwinism: the stronger, more powerful countries were meant to dominate the smaller, weaker ones. iv) The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783: Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan claimed that a nation’s best bet at gaining power is through its navy. c) But America had a lot on its plate right now

i) Big Sister policy towards Latin America. James G. Blaine created and led the Pan-American Conference ii) U.S. v Germany over Samoa
iii) U.S. v Italy over Italian hostages
iv) U.S. v Chile over murdered Americans
v) U.S. v Canada over hunting rights
vi) U.S. v Britain over gold in Guiana
(1) Almost led to war, but both U.S. and Britain had other, more important things to deal with. 2) Spurning the Hawaiian Pear
a) Hawaii had always been appealing to America, especially during the 1800s. b) During the late 1800s, America basically considered Hawaii as a part of the U.S. i) American fruit and sugar companies were already in Hawaii. In fact the Islands economy couldn’t survive without them ii) But Hawaiians were starting to resist the influence of America. c) This caused tensions for the sugar companies

i) Risk of Japan taking over
ii) McKinley increased the tariff for stuff being imported to the U.S. including stuff from Hawaii iii) The sugar companies decided to get Hawaii officially
iv) The queen of Hawaii, Queen Liliuokalani, said only the people of Hawaii should rule Hawaii v) The military and local America helped annex Hawaii in 1893, but then President Cleveland didn’t like the way the situation was being dealt with and so he stopped the annexation. 3) Cubans Rise in Revolt

a) The Cubans revolted against Spain in 1895 because the Spanish “lords” burned the Cuban’s sugar plantations. b) America followed the revolt closely and rooted for Cuba
i) America loves liberty, independence, and democracy
ii) Cuba’s freedom would be beneficial to the Monroe Doctrine iii) America wanted the Panama canal, and Cuba was one of the few things in the way c) Valeriano...
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