top-rated free essay

American Imperialism in the 19th Century

By cindymayhorn Jul 10, 2010 1017 Words
American Imperialism in the 19th Century

Abstract
This paper will discuss American Imperialism in the 19th Century. It will briefly tell what American Imperialism was. It will then tell why the policy was adopted and discuss how it was rationalized. It will discuss what countries became involved in the policy and will finish by talking about the anti-imperialism views of some.  

What was American Imperialism?
The American Imperialism movement began in the late 1800’s. this was the time in which “American’s spun visions of empire in Asia, and Latin America, they would encounter other nations-old imperial powers, Great Britain, Belgium, Spain, and newcomers Germany, and Japan”, (“Davidson, Gienapp, Heyrman, Lytle, & Stoff (2005) pg 689). To understand imperialism one must realize this is a means for a country to build more wealth, and to gain more power by amassing new territories, which they would have full control over. Why was the policy adopted, & how was it Rationalized? What were the Major events of the Time?

The American Imperialism was adopted for many different reasons. A few of the reasons for the adoption of this policy are as follows; 1.“ American western frontier was viewed as being closed”, 2.“ The public perception of the “closing of the west”, along with the philosophy of social Darwinism, contributed to a desire for continued expansion of American culture”, 3.“The result was a shift in US foreign policy at the end of the 19th century from a reserved, homeland concerned republic to an active imperial power”, (Regent Preps U.S. History).

The start of American Imperialism started with the Spanish-American war. There were many factors, which contributed to this war. The following are the major factors that caused the Spanish-American war which lead to the American Imperialism movement:

Factor # 1). Cuban Revolution- “The Spanish suppression of n on-going Cuban revolution gave the cause of war an air of independence exaggerated by the yellow press of the day became a reason for war with the Spanish”, (Regents Prep: U.S. History Foreign Policy).

Factor #2). Yellow Press- “The newspaper circulation war had already begun long before a shot was fired in 1898”, (Regents Prep. U.S. History: Foreign Policy).
Factor #3). Sinking of USS Maine- “The U.S warship USS Maine was stationed in the harbor of Havana, Cuba when it exploded, killing over 260 Americans”, (Regent Prep: U.S. History: Foreign Policy).

Factor #4). US desires to expand- “Many Americans leaders who wanted to US to expand her reach across the globe, recognized that defeating a weak Spanish empire offered an opportunity to gain territories outside North America”, ( Regents Prep: US History: Foreign Policy). What Countries did the US become involved with because of the Policy?

In 1898, US gave support to the US annexes of Hawaii to over throw the queen. In 1899 Samoa and Wake Island become under the control of the US. In 1903, the US financed the Panamanian Revolution against Columbia and gained Panama Canal Zone. In 1917, Denmark sold the Virgin Islands to the US. Also in 1898, the US gained control of the Philippines, Guam, & Pueblo Rico, (Proquest).

The US gained all control of the countries listed above after the war between the Spanish and the Americans. The United States had full power of all these countries and ruled them as they saw fit. However, there were people and organizations, which did not approve or condone the actions of the US concerning imperialism. The following are the views of the anti-imperialism movement. Anti-Imperialism League

This group was founded in 1899. Two of the nation’s most respected citizens brought about this foundation. Their names were Andrew Carnegie and William James, (Modern History Source). The members of this group believed that imperialism was militias and immoral to the pursuit of liberty and freedom to the constitution of the United States, which was set forth by the ancestors of this great Nation. “We demand the immediate cessation of war against liberty, begun by Spain and continued by us”, (Modern History Source Book). The anti imperialist further state, “The United States have always protested against the doctrine of international law which permits the subjugation of the weak by the strong, a self govornoring state cannot accept sovereignty over an unwilling people”, (Modern History Source Book). Foreign Policy going into 20th Century

The imperialism policy ran well into the 20th century. It was still going strong between 1817-1820. This student personally feels imperialism is still in use today in the US. It may not be as flagger as it was in the 20th century waiting to make a full recovery. Just look at the war in Iraq. Can this be called imperialism? This student feels it is. Conclusion

This paper has discussed what imperialism is. It discussed why the policy was adopted. It gives information on how it was rationalized and what the major events of that time were. This paper also gives detailed factors on the Spanish American war, which lead the US to adopt imperialism. This paper gives some of the countries which the US became involved with due to the imperialism policy, and gives a few facts on the anti imperialism league, and the views of the members of this organization about the policy. Finally, this paper discusses the policy as it pushed into the 20th century.

References
Harrington, H, Fred. (Sept., 1935). The Anti-Imperialist Movement in the United States, pp. 211-230. Retrieved on June 16, 2010 from Http://www.jstor.org/stable/1898467. Murphy., E., (2009). Women’s Anti-imperialism, “The White Man’s Burden“, and the Philippine-American War: Theorizing Masculinity Ambivalence in Protest. Gender & Society, 23(2), 244. Retrieved June 16, 2010 from research Library. (Document ID: 1679787541). Regents Preps: US History: Foreign Policy. Retrieved June 16, 2010 from Http://regentsprep.org/regents/ushisgov/themes/foreignpolicy/imperialism.htm. Davidson,Gienapp, Heyrman, Lytle, & Stoff. (2005). Nation of Nations, A

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • American Imperialism In The 19th Century

    ...states. This is because of the origin of American Imperialism in the westward expansion across the Mississippi and the Pacific. They believe that it was their ethical duty by establishing their new nations. American Imperialism is the idea of dominance economically, politically and culturally. It is the economic, military and cultural influence ...

    Read More
  • 19th Century American Imperialism

    ...The face of American democracy is deceptive; from missionary trips to military tours, America’s global dominion has always been referenced with coy euphemisms—“diplomacy,” “leadership,” tying to mask imperialism as setting a good example. As America tries to up hold their motto of being the land of the free, they force their ideals o...

    Read More
  • American Imperialism In The Late 19th Century

    ...Imperialism is the policy of extending a country’s influential presence and power, in other places by means of military action, or diplomacy. In the late 19th Century, American began harnessing imperialism as to have spots in a variety of places across the globe to ‘re-fuel.’ Naval power became the power of the time, so having more places ...

    Read More
  • American Imperialism In the 19th and 20th Century

    ...“Imperialism is the policy, practice, or advocacy of extending the power and dominion of a nation especially by direct territorial acquisitions or by gaining indirect control over the political or economic life of other areas; broadly: the extension or imposition of power, authority, or influence” (1) American Imperialism has been a practic...

    Read More
  • American Imperialism In The 19th Century Essay

    ...Nearing the end of the 19th century, America began to undergo some huge societal changes. Americans who had risen to the top and had power were unstoppable and plenty of political corruption took place as a result. The changes in during this period brought negative impacts to America and the rest of the world. This was mostly spurred by corrupt ...

    Read More
  • American Imperialism: in the Nineteenth Century

    ...American Imperialism In The Nineteenth Century Vadis Fields His 204 Professor Kevin Owens February 27, 2010 Imperialism is a policy of extending a country’s power and influence through diplomacy or military force. Imperialism is the control of one or a number of countries by a dominant nation. The control may be political, economic ...

    Read More
  • 19th Century American Imperialism & 20th Century War Essay Example

    ...19th Century American Imperialism & 20th Century War Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan couldn’t have said it any better, “No nation had ever become great without control of foreign markets and access to the natural resources of foreign countries” (Kinzer 33). Throughout the years, America has had an astonishing obsession with the idea of glo...

    Read More
  • European Imperialism During The 19th Century

    ... MIDN 1/C DAUGHTRY LCDR SEMPLE 24OCT2016 HH216 During the 19th century, Imperialism hit a feverish pitch. Oxford Dictionary defines imperialism as the policy of extending a country’s power and influence through colonization, the use of military force, or other means1. The instruments of national power include dipl...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.