American Imperialism and Early Progressives – Study Guide
1) Analyze the extent to which the Spanish-American War was a turning point in American foreign Policy? Thesis: The Spanish American War represented a turning point after which the US was more aggressive and more internationally-minded than it had previously been. Before the Spanish-American War, America's foreign policy was aimed mostly at expanding its own territory and protecting it from foreign threats. The issues America had with other countries all revolved around things like that. There was the Louisiana Purchase. There was the Mexican-American War. There was the "54-40 or Fight" crisis involving England and the Oregon Territory. Beginning with the Spanish-American War, the US turned towards expanding its power and having more of an impact on the international scene. The US then did things like taking and running the Philippines. It pushed for the "Open Door" in China. The war represented the first major military engagement for the United States borders since the Mexican-American War and led to a desire of United States interests throughout the Caribbean and into the western Pacific region .The war’s outcome led to dramatic increases in the United States navy budget and U.S military involvement in the Philippines, resulting in a three-year war. The Spanish-American War created policies promoting overseas investments and expansion, later referred to as “dollar diplomacy” under President Taft. Before that, this expanded policy could be seen in the Open Door policy regarding China. It could also be seen in President Theodore Roosevelt’s engineering a revolt in Panama against the Colombian government and then negotiating for the Panama Canal Zone and construction of the Panama Canal.
2) Explain how the following individuals responded to the economic and social problems created by the industrialization during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries: Jane Addams, Andrew...
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