American History Study Guide Ch. 15-18

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Chapter 15
Elizabeth Cady Stanton:
One of the most prominent leaders of the 19th century and leading figure of the early woman’s body; social activist/abolitionist
Opposed the 14th and 15th amendment because it did nothing to enfranchise women
Leader of the National Suffrage Association

Crop-lien/Sharecropping:
Growing of cotton and pledge a part of the crop as collateral
Sharecropping: initially arose as a compromise between blacks’ desire for land and planters’ demand for labor discipline
System allowed each black family to rent a part of a plantation with the crop divided between worker and owner at the end of the year
Guaranteed the planters a stable resident labor force

Black Codes:
Laws passed by the new southern governments that attempted to regulate the lives of the former slaves
Granted blacks certain rights: legalized marriage, ownership of property, and limited access to courts
Denied them rights to testify against whites, serve on juries or in state militias, or to vote
Declared that those who failed to sign yearly labor contracts could be arrested and hired out to white landowners

Thaddeus Stevens:
Radical who represented Pennsylvania in the House of Representatives
Wanted to confiscate the land of disloyal planters and divide it among former slaves and northern migrants to the South; plan proved to be too radical

Hiram Revels:
Mississippi representative for the U.S. Senate during Reconstruction
Served as chaplain in the wartime Union army and became the first black senator in American history

Enforcement Acts of 1870-1871:
Outlawed terrorist societies and allowed the president to use the army against them
Continued the expansion of national authority during Reconstruction.
Defined crimes that aimed to deprive citizens of the civil and political rights as federal offenses rather than violations of state law
Klan eventually went out of existence
U.S. v Cruikshank overthrew the Enforcement Acts

U.S. v Cruikshank:

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