American History Study Guide

Topics: Slavery in the United States, American Revolution, American Civil War Pages: 7 (674 words) Published: September 8, 2013
American History and Government Mid-Year Exam Review Sheet
Test day is Wednesday, January 23, 8:00-10:00 at the Kingswood Gym. You will not be allowed to use notes or outlines on the exam. The exam is counted as 20% of your semester grade.
Mr. Karinen
Mid-Year 2012-13

For the mid-year test you should know the following terms, ideas, people and concepts. You should be able to define each and/or explain its significance/importance.

Concept of God, Gold, and Glory

Christopher Columbus’ reason for exploration

The impact of Bartoleme de Las Casas, Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies on European ideas regarding treatment of Indians in the New World

Indentured Servants

Dutch East India Company

Dutch West India Company

Joint-stock companies

Headright system

House of Burgesses

Importance of tobacco, rice, and sugar in the New World

Proprietary colony

Understand the reasons these specific English colonies were settled: Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island

Bacon’s Rebellion

Differences between New England colonies and Southern colonies (geography, population, and economy)

Separatists

Puritans

John Winthrop

Reason for founding and characteristics of the Plymouth Colony

Mayflower Compact

Restoration Colonies

American Exceptionalism

Expansion of slavery in the south

Country Ideology

John Locke

Stamp Act

Townsend Act

Declaratory Act

Coercive Acts

Boston Tea Party

Boston Massacre

Mercantilism

Second Continental Congress

Olive Branch Petition

Lexington and Concord

Thomas Paine and Common Sense

Peace of Paris

Declaration of Independence

Articles of Confederation: strengths and weaknesses

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

Land Ordinance of 1785

Shay’s Rebellion

The New Jersey Plan

The Virginia Plan

The Great Compromise

The three branches of government under the Constitution

Which branch of government is directly elected under the Constitution?

Checks and Balances

The Bill of Rights

Differences between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson and their ideal America

Pan-Indian Movement

The Whiskey Rebellion of 1794

Foreign Policy issues of the early United States, specifically the conflicts between Britain and France

Marbury v. Madison

Judicial Review

Louisiana Purchase

Tariff of 1816

Henry Clay

Missouri Compromise

Nullification Crisis

Annexation of Texas

Differences between North and South leading up to the Civil War

Slave Codes

Dred Scott Case

Compromise of 1850

Fugitive Slave Act

Kansas-Nebraska Act

John Brown

Harper’s Ferry

Secession

Abraham Lincoln

Jefferson Davis

Fort Sumter

Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address

Lincoln’s 10% Plan

13th Amendment

14th Amendment

15th Amendment

Freedmen’s Bureau

Presidential Plan for Reconstruction

Congressional Plan for Reconstruction

Civil Rights Act of 1866

Black Codes

Sharecropping

Scalawags

Carpetbagger

Possible Essay Prompts:
You should prepare for all three prompts by creating a thesis and an outline that includes important ideas, concepts, and people. Only ONE of the prompts will be given on the exam. Your essay should have an introduction with thesis statement, body paragraphs with evidence supporting your thesis, and a conclusion paragraph.

(A) During the Age of Exploration three European nations (Spain, England, and France) came to dominate the “New World”. Using evidence from class compare the colonization methods each of these nations used. Also, explain how their methods impacted the long-term success each nation experienced in the “New World”.

(B) There are pivotal periods in all nations’ histories when direction of the country appears to suddenly change. These transformations, however, are never really inexplicable and generally only represent acceleration of change already present....
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