American History

Topics: World War II, Attack on Pearl Harbor, United States Pages: 3 (1665 words) Published: November 6, 2014

April 8, 2013
Pearl Harbor

On the dawn of December 7th, 1941 the unfolding deliberate attack on Pearl Harbor was launched by the Japanese- a devious plan which had been arranged in secrecy several months in advance by the Japanese against America. This horrendous act massacred thousands of seamen, civilians, and destroyed numerous battleships and is known in history as the “day of infamy” (Franklin D. Roosevelt, December 7th 1941). The bombing of Pearl Harbor was a major turning point in World War II causing the United States to get involved into a horrific and violent war. The effects of this attack were daunting to America and caused many key issues shortly after. Before the attack on Pearl Harbor the United States agreed not to get involved in any part of the disagreements between the quarrelling countries. While the United States decided not to get entangled into any conflict, World War II was just beginning, this made our neutrality as a country more difficult. However, once the United States saw how Britain and the Soviet Union were suffering from fighting with the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan), America felt compelled to help their allies in some way without physically entering the war. “America decided to aid their allies (Great Britain, France, China, and the Soviet Union) by sending weapons, money, and food overseas to help in any way they could.” During the time that America was aiding their allies, Japanese armies were invading North China and began to advance towards China, intending to take control of Southeast Asia. The United States did not agree with Japan’s attacks, so the United States made the decision to refuse to trade with Japan any further, thereby issuing an embargo act on Japan cutting off oil and other natural raw exports. “America refused to lift the embargo act unless Japan deserted certain territories. Japan then decided November 29 would be the last date they would accept a settlement with America to lift trade...

Cited: Benford, Timothy B. Pearl Harbor: Amazing Facts. New Jersey: American Book Publishers, 2001.
Hillstrom, Laurie. “Defining Moments. “In “The Attack on Pearl Harbor”, 39. Detroit. Gale Virtual Reference Library, 2009.Lord, Walter. Day of Infamy. [1st ed.].New York: Holt, 2001.
Roosevelt, Franklin D. "Pearl Harbor Attack." United States American History. http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1649.html (accessed April 5, 2013).
Stinnett, Robert B. “Day of Deceit: The truth about FDR and Pearl Harbor”. New York, NY: Touchstone, 2001.
Wohlstetter, Roberta. “Pearl Harbor: Warning and Decision”. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003.
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