American civilization 150
Andrew Jacksons print on America
President Andrew Jackson, considered by some to be the greatest American President during his American presidency term, but some of his actions sparked a lot of controversial thoughts. President Jackson accomplished much for America, most of President Jackson’s accomplishments where positive but along the way president Jacksons committed a great deal of wrong that lead to president Jackson negative view of himself. Among President Jackson’s disputed decisions was the handling of the nullification crisis, President Jackson veto of the bank recharter bill, and the Indian removal policy. Andrew Jackson is one of the greatest United States presidents do to the actions of the well-being of the people. President Jackson was a true democrat in maintaining the integrity of the Union. Although President Andrew Jackson made some tough decisions that made some people angry, Jackson is revered by historians today and is named the father of modern democracy. President Andrew Jackson is an example of the American Dream, born into a poor family but rising up to become President of the United States in 1828. Nullification is the state’s right to nullify within its borders a law passed by Congress or a proclamation of the President. The Nullification Crisis was a fierce political battle between Jackson and Calhoun. John C. Calhoun, a War Hawk, spearheaded the wave of nullification, beginning in South Carolina. Calhoun believed in stronger state governments, whereas Jackson argued that nullification was treason and its supporters were traitors1. South Carolina started to question Congress after a law was passed that limited US imports, an action thought to have ruined much of the foreign market. This led Calhoun to the belief of nullification, since the government consisted of a creation of the states, then the states themselves should have the right to declare a federal law null and void within that particular state.2 To fight for the cause, Calhoun resigned as Jackson’s vice president. Calhoun, together with the people of South Carolina, further pursued the theory of nullification and pushed for its acceptance. South Carolina finally began to threaten to secede from the Union, as Andrew Jackson had been declaring nullification an act of treason and petitioning Congress to use military force to suppress this uprising. As the final straw, Jackson introduced his nullification proclamation, which came from President Jackson’s strong belief in democracy. In the first message, Jackson states the important principle, “that the majority is to govern.” Nullification, to him, violated that view of majority rule, as it put the state above the federal government. History shows Andrew Jackson was right in issuing this proclamation, as less than two days after the nullification crisis ended, President Jackson was elected for his second term. South Carolina backed down after the proclamation was issued, a moment when the president demonstrated great power in maintaining power of the states and keeping the union intact. To soften the blow, Henry Clay and John Calhoun brought about a new tariff that reduced protection while still keeping the Presidents authority intact.3 Andrew Jackson’s handling of the nullification crisis not only solved a problem in the US, but it even helped Abraham Lincoln and other presidents following, in some of their difficult political decisions. The next problem Jackson faced as an American president would prove a great test that intimidation with military force alone could not handle. The Second Bank of the United States had more or less monopolized the nation’s wealth, and it was up to be rechartered. At this point in 1830, the bank “was responsible for between 15 and 20 percent of all the bank lending in the country, and had issued upwards of 40 percent of all the bank notes in circulation...
Cited: Sean Wilentz, Andrew Jackson (New York: Times Book, Henry Holt And Company, 2005), 68-90
Alan Brinkley and Davis Dyer, The American Presidency, Page 85.
Alan Brinkley, American History 13th Edition (New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, 2009), 215
Please join StudyMode to read the full document