America’s Victory in the Revolutionary War
In 1783, European powers were astounded as a group of “rebels” defeated Britain and toppled the hegemony and balance of power gripped by the strongest empire in the world. Support for the British had been waning in America as resentment quickly turned into a desire for rebellion (Ferling 5). But not many had anticipated America’s doggedness, which was sustained by a common goal of the patriots to achieve independence after the Olive Branch Petition failed to be acknowledged. Ultimately, it was a combination of political, military, and diplomatic reasons fused together that insured America’s victory and independence. America’s political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century prompted the leaders of the country to take action against Britain’s unfettered usurpations. In 1763, the end of the French and Indian War spawned a chain of British tax policies on the Americans. What began as disdain of Parliament’s injunctions under virtual representation rapidly changed into a call for independence, advocated by Patrick Henry and Thomas Paine’s Common Sense. Although each colony was comprised of different people of distinctive backgrounds, the Patriots were united under the belief of John Locke’s republican ideologies, which were reiterated in 1776 in Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence. In 1775, the Second Continental Congress had been established after the Battles of Lexington and Concord. Even though the Congress was not legally authorized to govern, it assumed all the functions of a government, such as appointing ambassadors, signing treaties, raising armies, appointing generals, obtaining loans, and issuing paper money (Axelrod). The Continental Army was created under the command of George Washington, who possessed both experience and the ability to bind the southern colonies with the rebellion in the north. Additionally, in Britain, Edmund Burke of the Whig party convinced the prime minister to...
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Ferling, John. "Myths of the American Revolution." Smithsonian Jan. 2010: 48-55. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 25 Aug. 2013. .
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