Ambedkar on Buddhism
14 October 1956 holds a special significance for the Dalit community in India. On that day, Bhim Rao Ambedkar, by all accounts the most influential Dalit intellectual of the 20th century publicly renounced Hinduism and converted to Buddhism. He told it was his “rebirth” in his speech over there. Actually Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was born in 14th April 1891. He was born in lowly Mahar Caste in the western state of Maharashtra. The caste Mahara was untouchables according to the varn vyavasta. Mahar were generally village servant whose caste duties including cutting wood for cremation, removing dead cattle, washing wells, delivering massage over long distance among other things. As soon the British came and ruled the India they did not bother about the caste and for their better administration, they give equal opportunity to all People. Caste Mahar were chance to accept the new occupation. Dr. Ambedkar was born in one of the army soldier family. Late 19th century was the period where untouchables raise the voice and talk about the empowerment, development, employment, and education. His father was influence by the saint Kabira and the British surrounding, as he was army officer, which inspired him to give the good education to the children. Dr. Ambedkar was interested to learn and listen good thing, his father always tried show big dream to him. Dr. Ambedkar’s father wanted that his son Bhimrao (here Dr. Ambedkar) learn more and acquire high educational degree. For completing his dream Dr. Ambedkar’s father took so many efforts, he slept at 3.00am after waking his son Dr. Ambedkar for the study. One time for getting the book to his son Bhimrao his father mortgaged gold of his daughter Dr. Ambedkar’s sister and buys the book. On early 19th century, Dr. Ambedkar took education, where in every step he faces discrimination. Untouchablity was practiced very high. At the time of primary and secondary education, he faces untochablity by various ways. He was the student who always analyses the situation and related to the study. He was the good habit of reading. After getting good mark on the high schools he honored on one meeting presided over by S K Bole, K A (Dada) Keluskar Guruji presented a book on the life of Buddha written by Him In January 1908. This was the first introduction of the Buddhism to Dr. Ambedkar, Which give him a path to walk and the idea to learn and maintain peace. For at list seven and eight centuries Buddhism had been unknown in India, the land of his birth, and the name of the Buddha himself had lingered on only as that of an alleged incarnation of the god Vishnu who had taken birth for the express purpose of misleading the asuras or anti-gods with false teaching. Dr. Ambedkar followed reading on Indian tradition and whatever Buddhist texts he could get access to, with discussions, with visits to the ancient sites of Buddhist caves in Maharashtra. (Sangharakshita 1986) From 1908 to 1918, the leader of the untouchables fully absorbed in his studies, first in India itself and afterword America and England. During his education, he was a sharp and critically analyzed the caste and the caste system in India. In his paper later published as book called Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis, and Development, He wrote only on the question of that time and the historical reality and the radical solution on it. However, he quoted the Buddha’s sentence in to the starting of the paper which shoes he was reading further the philosophy of the Buddha. In his initial writing, Dr. Ambedkar more focused on the caste, untouchable, and shudra. In his academic writing on the ‘Administration and Finance of the East India Company’, "National Dividend for India: A Historical and Analytical Study." In 1916, he came as a rational, radical, and realistic analyst. After getting degree, Dr. Ambedkar developed the theoretical perspective of the world then he came back to the India. He started his struggle with...
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