According to the statistics, about 3 percent of men and women ages 65 to 74 have Alzheimer’s disease, and nearly half of that age 85 and older may have the disease. Alzheimer’s disease, it’s a chronic disease, which starts slowly and get worse over time and no recovery. The disease will slowly attack the nerve cell in the parts of the cortex of the brain, thus impairing person's abilities to govern emotions, recognize errors and patterns, coordinate movement, and remember. How do people find they have this disease and how will the disease be treated by people? In ancient Greece and Rome, physicians always associated old age with memory decay. However, it was not until that German psychiatrist Dr. Alois Alzheimer identified the first case of this disease. A fifty-year-old woman, who was his patient, he called her Auguste D. He followed this case until she died after years of serious memory problem. After she died in 1906, doctors recorded the dense deposits surrounding the nerve cells when they preformed a brain autopsy. He reported publicly at the same year she died. In the next five years, there were eleven similar cases reported. Some of them were already use the word “Alzheimer’s Disease”. The cause of Alzheimer's disease is poorly understood. Scientists and doctors believe this disease is caused by a combination of genetics, lifestyle and environmental factors. Although the causes of Alzheimer’s are not complete, its effect on people is clear. This disease is usually in those over the age of 65. Also, a person has close relationship with the person who has Alzheimer’s, such as mother, father or sister, has increased possibility of getting this disease. The scientist also consider the level of education is one of the factors. This disease passes by gene.
The early symptom of AD, which is in a small percentage, difficulties with language, executive functions, perception (agnosia), or execution of movements (apraxia) are more prominent than memory problems. Distant memories (episodic memory), facts (semantic memory), and implicit memory (the memory of body on doing something that we always do, like dressing yourself) are affect less than the new things at the beginning. The language problem is mainly recognized by the shrinking vocabulary. They usually could describe the basic idea of their word. While they doing the common things such as dressing, eating, writing, certain the movement coordination (apraxia) it may present, but people usually don’t notice that. As the disease progresses, it hinders the independence of people. The difficulties of speaking become palpable, this will also affect to frequent incorrect word substitutions (paraphasias). Complex movements become less coordination as the time pass. People may not be able to recognize their close relatives. As the disease develops, the changes of behavior and neuropsychiatric symptoms become more common. They become irritability and labile. Sundowning and urinary incontinence can also appear. In the final stage, the patient is completely dependent upon carer. The ability of language is reduced to simple phrases or single words. Even the verbal language skill is lost; people still can understand the signals of the patients’ emotion. People with AD will be ultimately not able to do anything independently, and be completely bedridden. The reasons of death are usually external factors, such as pneumonia or infection of pressure ulcers, not the disease it self.
There is no treatment can stop or reverse its progression. We still can naturally treat Alzheimer’s disease. It may temporarily improve symptoms. Diet is one of the natural ways to treat it, such as eating oily fish to uptake Omega-3 and Omega-6, increasing folic acid levels and vitamins B6 and B12 to improve mental function and etc. Keep active is another way to treat the disease. Outdoors exercise, yoga, swimming, sports is beneficial fro daily life activities and potentially improve...
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