Alzheimer’s Disease Research Paper
Psychology is an applied as well as an academic field that studies both the human mind and behavior. The research in psychology attempts to explain and understand behavior, emotion and thought. The subject of psychology was created when Wilhelm Wundt opened up the very first psychology lab in Leipzig, Germany. Wilhelm Wundt believed that individuals who are appropriately trained would most likely be able to recognize the mental processes that are accompanied with feelings, thoughts and sensations (Wagner , 2009). Although psychology is a very broad topic, there are many sub-topics that make up what psychology is and it’s contents. Some of those sub-topics include abnormal psychology, biological psychology, cognitive psychology and many more. The type of psychology that deals with how people store information, acquire and process is cognitive psychology. Cognitive psychology is a sub-topic within psychology that analyzes people’s internal mental process of thought that includes visual processing, memory, problem solving, and language (Wagner, 2009). The most common research that deals with cognitive psychology is researching a person’s memory and the ability to store it. The brain stores a number of different types of information in many different places. There are two different types of memory in which the brain can store information. Those types include short-term and long-term memory. Short-term memory involves recalling many details that have been stored minutes or even seconds before. Some examples include reading out loud a phone number, recognizing a person’s face, and no many others. On the other hand, long- term memory is a little different than short-term memory. Long- term memory is a type of memory that can as much as a few days or as long as decades after. Short- term memory is a temporary powerful neural connections that can be converted in to long- term memory through the processes of rehearsal and association (Reyes, 2006). Within, both short-term and long- term memory, memory lapses and forgetfulness are very common. The ways in which this happens is through depression, stress, lack of sleep, and also through aging. Although memory loss is normal, it could only become a severe problem when it interferes with daily living (Reyes, 2006). Some diseases that occur due to severe memory loss are Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, and amnesia. All three of these diseases are very similar to one another. Amnesia is clearly defined as lack of memory or memory loss. Amnesia can occur either before or after a certain kind of trauma. Those types of amnesia are called antegrade and retrograde amnesia. Antegrade amnesia is a type of amnesia in which the loss of memory is directly related to certain events that have occurred after a very traumatic event. With this type of amnesia, there is an inability to recall all new information. Although all new information can not be recalled, a person has an ability to recall all old information that is stored in long- term memory. If person does go through a traumatic event, antegrade amnesia may actually lead in to brain trauma (Crystal, 2009). Retrograde amnesia is a type of amnesia in which the loss of memory is directly related to certain events that have occurred before a very traumatic event. Dementia is a certain word that relates to a group of different types of symptoms that are caused by some disorders that affect the brain. Although Dementia is not a specific type of disease, people with this, in some cases, may not be able to think well enough on their own to do daily life activities such as eating on their own or dressing themselves. Another thing people would not be able to do who are diagnosed with the symptoms to have dementia are that they might also lose their ability to control their own emotions and with this their personalities may change. Also...
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