1. In operant conditioning, reinforcement:
a. is defined as any stimulus that automatically elicits an unconditioned response (UCR).
b. is defined by the effect that it produces—increasing or strengthening behavior.
c. is defined as any stimulus that automatically elicits a conditioned response (CR).
d. is based upon behaviors that are elicited by discriminative stimuli.
The following three statements are True/False statements:
2. ___T_Classical conditioning is essentially the process of learning an association between two stimuli. 3. ___T_One time you drank way too much peach schnapps and then vomited. Now the smell of peach schnapps (or peach anything) makes you sick. This is an example of classical conditioning.
4. ___T_Your place of employment pays you every two weeks for your work. This is an example of operant conditioning.
Fill in the blank:
5 & 6. Tommy yells “mommy, mommy” over and over again. Mom stops what she’s doing, turns to him and yells “stop it!!”. Now he yells “mommy, mommy” any time he wants her attention. Is this an example of reinforcement or punishment? Reinforcement Why? The act of giving the child attention increased the likelyhood of yelling “mommy, mommy”(2 points)
7. Steven Spielberg's classic movie Jaws was a thriller about a great white shark that terrorized tourists at a local beach. Just before the shark's appearance, eerie music began playing. As the unseen shark came closer, the tempo of the music picked up. After the audience had experienced this a few times, the sound of the music triggered the emotional reaction of fear in the audience even though the shark still had not appeared. At that point, the sound of the eerie music was a(n):
a. conditioned response (CR).
b. conditioned stimulus (CS).
c. unconditioned stimulus (UCS).
d. unconditioned response (UCR).
8. The fifth time that Tyler was late for school he was given a detention.