November 26, 2012
INFT 101 D10 – LUO
This paper presents two different ideas of adult learning theory through two different authors, Sharan B. Merriam and Londell D. Jackson. These two authors write about what adult learning is in the twenty- first century and what adult learning looks like though the perspective of an adult. This paper will summarize both articles and clarify the differences and similarities of each article. In Sharan B. Merriam’s article, “Adult Learning Theory for the Twenty- First Century”, the article is set up introducing the ways adult learning has changed over the years and how complex adult learning theory can be. The author addresses some of the ways adult learning is perceived now and how it will be perceived in the future. The author states “Adult learning theory in North America has focused on the individual learner, how the learner processes information, and how learning enables the individual to become more empowered and independent”.(Merriam, 2008). The author illustrates three key points: increased attention to the learning context, recognition that learning is a multidimensional phenomenon and fostering adult learning. In the article, “Revisiting Adult Learning Through the Lens of an Adult Learner”, Londell Jackson focuses on five specific types of learning theories: behaviorist, humanist, cognitivist, social cognitive, and constructivist . The author illustrates how each of these help the adult learn and how the adult learners environment influences learning. The authors’ two articles show similarities by showing that the environment of the adult learner plays a role in how learning is handled by the adult. Different circumstances have different outcomes in adult learning. The differences in these two articles are that one of the articles are wrote through the eyes of an adult learner and the other are wrote for the adult learner. In conclusion, both authors attempt to illustrate the different
References: Jackson, L. D. (2009). Revisiting Adult Learning Theory through the Lens of an Adult Learner. Adult Learning, 20(3/4), 20-22. Merriam, Sheran B.(2008), Adult Learning Theory for the Twenty-First Century, New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, no. 119.