Allocating Police Patrol Vehicle Using Operations Research

Topics: Police, Police officer, Crime Pages: 15 (7722 words) Published: October 22, 2014

CHAPTER I
Allocation of Police Patrol Officers and Vehicles in Baguio City Using Optimization Models Baguio City is one of the famous tourist destinations visited in the Philippines by local tourists and even with foreigners for its cool climate, clean, and green environment. However, crime rates and accidents have been increasing yearly in Baguio City????? In order to reduce the likelihood of these incidents from happening, one excellent way is by implementing an effective police patrol system. A system that could assign and deploy its resources efficiently that will increase security, prevent accidents, and limit criminal opportunities in the area. Consequently, the residents and tourists could truly enjoy their stay and appreciate the real beauty of Baguio City.Introduction Police allocation and deployment in various locations around an area would undoubtedly benefit the community. Patrol is the most visible and readily recognized function of modern police; 60% or more of the sworn personnel in many agencies are assigned to patrol. Most communities want 3 things from their police department: a) immediate response to emergencies, b) reasonable response times to non emergency, c) visibility that provides a feeling of security. Background of the Problem

Baguio is a famous tourist destination for local tourists and even with the foreigners for its cool climate and clean and green environment. However, there are problems or concerns other locals and tourists observed in the city. Some of these are the increase of crime rates, accidents, and citizens including foreigners that does not abide by the rules. Therefore, this study is dedicated to making a difference around the city; the reduction of crime rates and prevention of accidents through proper police patrol vehicle allocation and deployment to crime hotspots and accident prone areas. In other words, the focus of police administrators should be on allocating and deploying officers to efficiently and effectively manage and reduce crime. The basic purpose of patrol is response to the community’s emergency needs and the elimination of criminal opportunity. There is a basic philosophy from one man conveying the idea that patrol needs to create an impression of “Omnipresence” meaning the police are everywhere. It does not diminish a thief’s desire but limits the opportunity. In order to achieve a safe and secure environment, the study opt to present an optimized network model covering a road network with limited vehicles and officers to be deployed to many different locations around Baguio City, this requires the need to use a mathematical approach to efficiently deploy the resources to satisfy the demands and needs of the community. Other related studies and literature that have been reviewed contributes to the idea of improving the network model to be formulated for the study. In the location-allocation literature, there is a special focus on the rescue services, including ambulances, fire stations and police stations [3, 4] .A numbers of location models have been developed to solve the problems and objectives. [10]. The coverage formulations used are: set-covering model (SCM), it evaluates the minimum number of vehicles needed to cover all demand within pre-specified time [12] and the maximum covering location model (MCLP) which locates a fixed number of facilities such that the demand nodes that can be covered in a pre-specified time limit are maximized [2]. Meanwhile, there are other models which are used to formulate an optimized network model. According to Curtin and McCall (2007), in the context of police geography, the applications of OR techniques can be loosely grouped into two areas: the design of patrol areas, and the deployment of officers within those areas. Whereas, linear programming can be supplementary in achieving desired goals in the study [6]. In contrast to patrol area design, there have been several successful research efforts regarding the...


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[2] R
[3] R. Church, P. Sorensen and W. Corrigan, Manpower Deployment in Emergency Services, Fire Technology 37 (2001) pp. 219-234
[4] M.S
[11] C.S. ReVelle and H.A. Eiselt, Location analysis: A synthesis and survey, European Journal of Operational Research 165 (2005) pp. 1–19.
[15] Frans Willem Winkel“Reducing Fear Of Crime Through Police Visibility: A Field Experiment” http://cjp.sagepub.com/content/1/4/381.short Retrieved 1 July, 2013
[16] SaritWeisburd “Does Police Presence Reduce Car Accidents?”
Interviewee: Police Officer in BCPO’s main office
Date for interview: August 1, 2013
Interviewee: Local Residents / Civilians in Central Business District of Baguio City
Date: August 3, 2013
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