In Europe around the late 1800s to early 1900s World War 1 took place in many European countries. This essay will explain how alliance was the cause of World War 1. The four factors that made alliances the cause of World War 1 are political, geography, economics, and social factors.
The first factor in why alliances caused World War 1 is political reasons. Some examples of political are the treaties that were made before and during the war to help protect alliances. Treaty means a formal agreement between two or more states and the document in which such agreement is set down. The first treaty that took place was the dual alliance between Austria-Hungary and Germany. This treaty is explaining that if Germany attacks Russia Austria-Hungary helps them and when England attacks Austria-Hungary Germany doesn’t need to help Austria Hungary. (Encyclopedia) Basically it’s a win win situation for Germany at the time because they could focus on just one opponent in the war. The next treaty is the Franco-Russian Alliance military, and what the treaty means when France is attacked by Germany, or by Italy supported by Germany, Russia shall employ all her available forces to attack Germany. Another treaty is the expanded version of the Triple Alliance. The expanded version of Triple alliance was the two contracting parties shall be bound to lend help and assistance wills all their forces to the party attacked. Meaning if Italy gets attacked the other parties come and helps. With this Italy can be less scared of losing because they have multiple countries helping them. (alliance) This caused World War 1 is because one attacks then the other attack causing a domino effect. Meaning they had an alliance with the country and if it that country gets attacked your ally will come and help out, but there are other attacking parties. Also if there wasn’t any treaties the War wouldn’t of lasted that long. It wouldn’t of lasted it that...
References: Encyclopedia, Online. "Austria Hungary." 2000. <https://autocww2.colorado.edu/~toldy2/E64ContentFiles/HistoryOfEurope/Austria-Hungary.html>.
alliance, Triple. Amended Version of the Triple Alliance. 2009. <http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Amended_Version_of_The_Triple_Alliance>.
Duffy, Michael. Franco-Russian Military Convention. 2009. <http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/francorussianmilitaryconvention.htm>.
Hayes , Brian. First World War. 2002. <http://www.age-of-the-sage.org/history/diplomacy_world_war_one.html>.
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