RELATIONSHIP OF POLITICAL SCIENCE WITH OTHER SOCIAL SCIENCES
Relationship between political science and other social sciences The relations between political science and the other social sciences are in reality relations between sectors of different disciplines, and not between whole disciplines.
FUNCTION OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
to discover the principles that should be adhered to in public affairs to study the operations of government in order to demonstrate what is good, to criticize what is bad or inefficient, and to suggest improvements.
is a set of laws that a set of people have made and agreed upon for government—often codified as a written document—that enumerates and limits the powers and functions of a political entity. These rules together make up, i.e. constitute, what the entity is. In the case of countries and autonomous regions of federal countries the term refers specifically to a constitution defining the fundamental political principles, and establishing the structure, procedures, powers and duties, of a government. By limiting the government's own reach, most constitutions guarantee certain rights to the people. The term constitution can be applied to any overall system of law that defines the functioning of a government, including several unmodified historical constitutions that existed before the development of modern codified constitutions.
The act or process of constituting; the action of enacting, establishing, or appointing; enactment; establishment; formation. The state of being; that form of being, or structure and connection of parts, which constitutes and characterizes a system or body; natural condition; structure; texture; conformation. The aggregate of all one's inherited physical qualities; the aggregate of the vital powers of an individual, with reference to ability to endure hardship, resist disease, etc.; as, a robust constitution. The aggregate of mental qualities; temperament.
TYPES OF CONSTITUTION
1-Unitary-it related to parliament. It follows parliamentary system power. (example of unitary constitution is U.K)
2-Federal-It below to judiciary system. It follows judiciary system. (Example of federal constitution is U.S)
KINDS OF CONSTITUTION
A) Written Constitution
Constitution of the United States of America
Constitution of the United Spades of America (just for laughs)
B) Unwritten Constitution
1) British Constitution
This form of constitution allows governments on the one hand to claim to be "Protecting the Constitution and way of Life" while on the other hand removing a citizens subject's right to trial by a Jury of his peers, double jeopardy, right to silence and the presumption of innocence. In many ways it is the optimal form for constitutions, from the governments' POV (the US Neo-Cons are still pissed at Jefferson for inflicting them with a "written version").
KINDS OF GOVERNMENT
-Monarchy: kings and queens are rulers
-Dictatorship: government with one ruler
-Democracy: people have power
TYPES OF GOVERNMENT
The word "democracy" literally means "rule by the people." In a democracy, the people govern. 2. Republic
A literal democracy is impossible in a political system containing more than a few people. All "democracies" are really republics. In a republic, the people elect representatives to make and enforce laws. 3. Monarchy
A monarchy consists of rule by a king or queen. Sometimes a king is called an "emperor," especially if there is a large empire, such as China before 1911. There are no large monarchies today. The United Kingdom, which has a queen, is really a republic because the queen has virtually no political power. 4. Aristocracy
An aristocracy is rule by the aristocrats. Aristocrats are typically wealthy, educated people. Many monarchies have really been ruled by aristocrats. Today, typically, the term "aristocracy" is...
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