St. Louise de Merillac
Sisters of Charity
• 1633 - The founding of the Sisters (or Daughters) of Charity, Servants of the Sick Poor by Sts. Vincent de Paul and Louise de Merillac. The community would not remain in a convent, but would nurse the poor in their homes, "having no monastery but the homes of the sick, their cell a hired room, their chapel the parish church, their enclosure the streets of the city or wards of the hospital."  • 1640 - The Sisters assume charge of a hospital at Angers, Frances., philippines • 1645 - Jeanne Mance establishes North America's first hospital, l'Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal. • 1654 and 1656 - Sisters of Charity care for the wounded on the battlefields at Sedan and Arras in France.  • 1660 - Over 40 houses of the Sisters of Charity exist in France and several in other countries; the sick poor are helped in their own dwellings in 26 parishes in Paris.
• 1755 - Rabia Choraya, head nurse or matron in the Moroccan Army. She traveled with Braddock’s army during the French & Indian War. She was the highest-paid and most respected woman in the army. • 1783 - James Derham, a slave from New Orleans, buys his freedom with money earned working as a nurse. 
a great experience!
• c. 1820 - Jensey Snow, a former slave, opens a hospital in Petersburg, Virginia. 
• 1844 - Dorothea Dix testifies to the New Jersey legislature regarding the state's poor treatment of patients with mental illness.
• 1850 - Florence Nightingale, a pioneer of modern nursing, begins her training as a nurse at the Institute of St. Vincent de Paul at Alexandria, Egypt  • 1853 - Florence Nightingale visits the Daughters of Charity in their Motherhouse in Paris to learn their methods.  • 1854 - Florence Nightingale and 38 volunteer nurses are sent to Turkey on October 21 to assist with caring for the injured of the Crimean War. • 1855 - Mary Seacole leaves London on January 27 to establish a "British Hotel" at Balaklava in the Crimea. • 1856 - Biddy Mason is granted her freedom and moves to Los Angeles. She works as a nurse and midwife and becomes a successful businesswoman. • 1857 - Ellen Ranyard creates the first group of paid social workers in England and pioneers the first district nursing programme in London. 
• 1860 - Florence Nightingale's Notes on Nursing: What it is and What it is Not is published. • 1861 - Sally Louisa Tompkins opens a hospital for Confederate soldiers in July. She is later made an officer in the army, the only woman to receive that honor. • 1867 - Jane Currie Blaikie Hoge publishes her memoirs of nursing in the Union Army, The Boys in Blue.
• 1873 - Linda Richards is graduated from the New England Hospital for Women and Children Training School for Nurses and officially becomes America's First Trained Nurse. • 1876 - The Japanese term 看護婦 ("Kangofu" or nurse) is used for the first time.  • 1879 - Mary Eliza Mahoney is graduated from the New England Hospital for Women and Children Training School for Nurses and becomes the first black professional nurse in the U.S. 
• 1881 - Clara Barton becomes the first President of the American Red Cross, which she founded, on May 21. • 1884 - Mary Agnes Snively, the first Ontario nurse trained according to the principles of Florence Nightingale, assumes the position of Lady Superintendent of the Toronto General Hospital’s School of Nursing. • 1885 - The first nurse training institute is established in Japan, thanks to the pioneering work of Linda Richards.  • 1886 - The Nightingale, the first American nursing journal, is published.  • 1886 - Spelman Seminary establishes the first nursing program in the U.S. specifically for African-Americans.  • 1888 The...
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