Alexander the Great

Topics: Seleucid Empire, Seleucus I Nicator, Ptolemy I Soter Pages: 7 (2759 words) Published: May 30, 2013
Research Paper
Alexander the Great is remembered as a conquering man who built one of the largest empires. Some describe him as a man with a vision of world harmony. Others see him as a blood thirsty man with a mental illness. One thing that cannot be argued is that he and his empire are fascinating studies. From his rise to power to his mysterious death is interesting, but even after he died the story is fascinating. Due to his death, his empire was divided and a long power-struggle began starting with his generals. Each account has its own story of war and betrayal. These days must have been hard for those in power; they never knew who they could trust. Only the ones who were skilled in the strategy of war and ruthless enough to maintain their power would be the ones to make a name. The first to do this was Alexander the Great. He was born 356 BC in Pella. His father was Philip II and his mother was Olympias. She was a very spiritual woman who taught Alexander that he was a descendant of Achilles and Hercules. Alexander the Great was thought to be super-human almost from birth. He was compared to the Greek god, Zeus, and that is what Alexander believed too. His life seemed to show that he would achieve greatness and his great metal ability and strong personality ensured his incredibly high status where his father failed, Alexander would succeed by the Victory of Persia. In Egypt Alexander was worshiped as a god and considered to be a liberator. There he brought to existence the city of Alexandria, and then he would overtake the Asian jewel of India. In the early 30's Alexander the Great dies of Malaria, and not from intoxication as originally thought. His empire extended from the Ionian Sea into Northern India. Alexander the Great's most important achievement was the cultural variety he encouraged. He spread the Greek culture throughout the world. Due to the efforts of Alexander the Great, the western culture achieved global dominance. He was considered as one of the greatest military thinkers of all time. Philip II was assassinated in 336 BC and Alexander took the throne at the age of 20. Alexander went on to spread his empire. In 334 BC he crossed the Hellespont with 42,000 soldiers and took the Persian Empire and soon after a part that was then India but today Pakistan. He 326 BC Alexander became ill. He apparently came down with a fever that progressed worse and worse until killing him. There is suspicion of poison but it is not confirmed. He died at the age of 32. Alexander did not have an heir to rule his vast empire. His generals disputed over who this should be. Alexander had an unborn child by Roxana and a half brother by the name of Arrihaeus. Perdiccas, the cavalry commander wanted to wait until Alexander’s son (Alexander IV) was born. Meleager and the infantry supported Arrihaeus. They compromised and settled on Arrihaeus and Alexander IV would become joint kings. Perdiccas would become Regent of all the empire and Meleager would be his lieutenant. However, Perdiccas had Meleager arrested and murdered and took full control. Alexander the Great changed the historical development of his country. While his father has made major changes inroads in expanded Macrdonia beyond the Balkan Peninusula, it was Alexander who expanded the sphere of influence well beyond even his father's great expectations. Alexander also carried the message of Greek democracy to Asia and into the dark continent of Africa, the journey that the concept would have never taken place. It was Alexander who introduced the individual freely participating in government, and it was this idea that government was for everyone, not simply for the wealthy. This influenced not only the historical development of his own country, but also inspired other countries to establish the same systems of government. The Generals of Alexander who supported Perdiccas were given parts of the Empire in the partition of Babylon. This sparked later wars...

Cited: -
-Alexander The Great and His Empire, By Pierre Briant
-Alexander The Great, By Paul Cartledge
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