Personal Characteristics: Alexander the Great believed that it was his destiny to rule and unite the known world. Alexander the Greats mother had high hopes for her son and encouraged him to seek out and become great. Alexander the Greats most influential role model was his father who Alexander tried to outdo every time, this eventually lead to his reckless personality and brash behavior. Alexander the Great had a taste for wine and woman, he is considered bisexual and at banquets he would drink until he was drunk. Alexander believed that he could unite the whole world under one empire which would lead to peace and harmony. Reputation: Alexander the Great was adored by his men and had their undivided loyalty throughout his campaign. At the age of 16 he was left to rule his father’s kingdom while Philip was away on his conquests, while ruling he crushed a uprising in Thrace and at age 18 Philip the Great left Alexander in command of the left wing of his army at the battle of Chaeronea, in the end the battle was won and through both of these events he gained great admiration from both his soldiers, Greek people and his father’s political peers. In his life Alexander earned the respect of his fellow Greeks, soldiers and political peers but most importantly the people he conquered. Military Battles, Military Tactics, Styles of Warfare: Alexander’s first major military battles were in his own Greek city states who saw that the death of Philip was a chance to become independent of Macedonian rule. To set an example and to get revenge for the imprisonment of his father Alexander completely razed the Greek city of Thebes, killing most of the population including woman and children. Alexander’s next target was the Persian Empire who his father could never conquer. Alexander destroyed the city of Tyre, pushed through Palestine, Syria, Iran and Afghanistan and finally conquered Egypt where he was titled god-king. Alexander’s final and hardest battles took place in India. The Indian Empire proved a very formidable enemy, instead of horses they used elephants which made it difficult for Alexander’s horse-mounted cavalry to defeat due to the size differences of the two animals. In the end Alexander’s conquest of India ended in defeat although he managed to take some cities he never was able to conquer the Indian Empire.
Cultural Legacies / Legends: Alexander the Greats ultimate goal in life was to unify the known world under his rule and to spread Greek culture. It is widely believed that if Alexander was able to fulfill his dream of unifying the world there would have been worldwide peace and no wars would have been fought under his rule. After conquering Persia, Alexander unified his empire through the spreading of different cultural ideas and beliefs which created more opportunities for engineers, merchants, soldiers, and intellectuals. Alexander was intrigued by different cultures and beliefs and instead of getting rid of these cultures and beliefs he helped in maintaining and spreading these beliefs allowing for wide and diverse cultures in his empire.