Alexander Calder was one of the most innovative and original American artists of the twentieth century. In 1926, Calder arrived in Paris and devoted himself to a project called the Circus that occupied him for over five years. This contains characters and animals made out of wire, scraps of cloth, wood, cork, labels, bits of scrap metal and pieces of rubber. Calder transported his little theater in suitcases and performed it for his friends. During his performances, Calder invented ways to simulate the flight of birds: "These are little bits of white paper, with a hole and slight weight on each one, which flutter down several variously coiled thin steel wires which I jiggle so that they flutter down like doves " (Alexander Calder, An Autobiography with Pictures [New York: Pantheon, 1966], p.92) The Circus is the laboratory of Calder's work; in it he experimented with new formulas and techniques. "By 1930," sculptor historian Wayne Craven has written, Calder's "Circus had become one of the real successes of the art world of Montparnasse, as well as among the Paris intellectuals. Jean Cocteau, Fernand Leger, Joan Miro, Piet Mondrian, Jean Arp... and others were captivated by it, whereas none of them paid much attention to Calder's wood carvings. Such encouragement undoubtedly led him to try more serious experiments in wire sculptures." During this same period he developed wire figures such as Josephine Baker, The Negress, and the Portrait of Edgar Varese, while continuing to draw and to create circus scenes. Next he worked in wood, creating The Horse, The Cow, female nudes, and Old Bull, between 1928 and 1930, eventually becoming interested in the movement of objects, some with motors. Calder discovered what he wanted: "to paint and work in the abstract" (Calder, p.133). He created relief paintings such as White Panel (1934) and applied himself thereafter to creating sculptures based on the plastic dynamics of asymmetry. Calder discovered the leaders of avant-garde,
Alexander Calder was born on July 22, 1898 in Lawton Pennsylvania. Calder was raised by his mother, Nanette, and his father, Alexander. Both of his parents were artist, as well as his grandfather. Growing up, Calder was not interested in pursuing the “family business” of sculpture and various forms of art. As a young boy, he enjoyed tinkering with toys and creating which inspired him to pursue engineering. As he grew older, his family has relocated several times so his father could earn money and….
Alexander Calder was an American artist best known for his different and innovative sculptures and artwork. Alexander Calder was born in Lawnton, Pennsylvania on July 22, 1989, to a family of artist. His father Alexander Stirling Calder and mother Nanette Calder were both recognized artists for painting and sculptures such as the; Cure for a Really Bad Headache and Seated Nude. At a very young age, Alexander Calder was very talented with his hands and would build mechanical toys. At the age of 17….
Object of my Obsession
Two artists, Henry Moore and Alexander Calder, both very different in the way they grew up, and their life ambitions. However one thing they had in common was that they both ended up becoming fantastic artists later on in life. Their styles of artwork were very different to each others. Moore’s concentrated on sketching and sculptures made of stone, bronze and wood. His artworks are intriguing as they showed the bond between mother and child. An aspect of interest in his….
Calder V. Jones
In the case of Calder V. Jones, actress Shirley Jones sued the National Enquirer and specifically its editor, Calder, for libel (U.S. Supreme Court, 1984.) Jones filed her suit in California courts and the defendants are based in Florida (U.S. Supreme Court, 1984.) Calder argued that the case should not be brought in California. The case, Calder V. Jones, 465 U.S. 783, specifically decided the ability of California to hold jurisdiction over this case.
The issue in….
Alexander III, Tsar of Russia, 1881-1889
Alexander III of Russia was born on 26th February 1845. Clumsy and gruff as a child, he grew up to be a man of great physical strength. Everything about him suggested imperial power. He was six feet four inches tall, broad and very strong. Stories circulated about Tsar Alexander bending (and then restraightening) iron fire pokers, crushing silver roubles in his fingers, and tearing packs of cards in half for the entertainment of his children, and about….
Uniting an Empire: But Dad, don’t you see?
Classical studies: 91397: Demonstrate understanding of significant ideology in the classical world.
“Alexander was very intelligent and kingly in applying the policy of fusion between the Macedonians and the Persians to form one great empire.”
“The Policy of Fusion? To me that was the main issuing that caused problems to his empire and ultimately ended his successful reign with his army.”
“Father, I disagree on what you….
ALEXANDER THE GREAT
It is hard to provide an exact definition of leadership, courage, & heroism because every person has his own opinion. The qualities a leader possesses are not always the same; they can vary according to the time in history he lived in, the problems that are occurring throughout that time period, and also the people whom the leader is leading.
Alexander's childhood played an important role in his development into a great man & military Leader. Many things of his childhood contributed….
Alexander the Great is renowned for uniting the known world under his leadership and has grown to mythical proportions in his leadership abilities and skill at arms. He was also a young ruler, brash, irreverent and narcissistic. His never ending lust to conquer new lands, his growing problems controlling his drinking and his relentless pushing of his army all contribute not only to illustrating personal character flaws but possibly to his death.
In his young life Alexander was tutored by the….
Alexander Mikhaylovich Ovechkin (Russian: Александр Михайлович Овечкин; IPA: [ɐlʲɪˈksandr ɐˈvʲet͡ɕkʲɪn]; born September 17, 1985) is a Russian professional ice hockey winger and captain of the Washington Capitals of the National Hockey League (NHL). Prior to playing in the NHL, Ovechkin played for HC Dynamo Moscow of the Russian Superleague for four seasons from 2001 until 2005, and he played for Dynamo again (this time in the Kontinental Hockey League) during the 2012–13 NHL lockout. Ovechkin was….
Alexander II & Alexander III
Alexander was the eldest son of Tsar Nicholas I and was born in Moscow in 1818. Alexander became Tsar of Russia in 1855 after his father's death. At that time Russia was in the Crimean War but then in 1856 russia signed the Treaty of Paris that put an end to the war. Alexander knew that his military power wasn't strong enough anymore and his advisers informed him that Russia's economy is not even close enough to be competed with industrialized nations such as Great….