Uniting an Empire: But Dad, don’t you see?
Classical studies: 91397: Demonstrate understanding of significant ideology in the classical world.
“Alexander was very intelligent and kingly in applying the policy of fusion between the Macedonians and the Persians to form one great empire.” Father:
“The Policy of Fusion? To me that was the main issuing that caused problems to his empire and ultimately ended his successful reign with his army.” Son:
“Father, I disagree on what you are saying. The policy of fusion was a way of adapting Persian customs and Greek customs to ultimately form one great empire that could conquer any opposing empire. Curtius tells us he did this to successfully rule over the two very different cultures. He needed to conquer any opposing enemies; Curtius also tells us he needed both Macedonians and Persians to do this. Father:
“Son, that’s what it may have been planned out to be, but sometimes plans just don’t go according to what you’d hope to result from them.”
“How so? If it weren’t for the policy of fusion, Alexander would have never been capable of defeating the Great King Porus in 326BC at the river Hydaspes.” He effectively adapted Persian archers and cavalry to gain victory over the Indian forces.”
Yes that is true, however his reign did not last very long after this. In fact it was a major turning point for Alexander and his army for his campaign. If you think back to the start of Alexander’s campaign, Alexander was a true leader, he could do no wrong, his men were very loyal to him and followed him with blind obedience and most importantly he was the first amongst equals; He could joke around with his men, argue with them, he joined them in drinking parties and wore the same clothes as them. “ What do you see of Alexander after the application of this so called policy of fusion son?”
“I still see the same man, yet who has also effectively fused many different cultures into his own. What do you see father?”
“To me I do not think he has done what have you have said. I see a man that has changed not only himself but his army and customs also and in doing so caused many problems to his empire’s campaign and reign. Firstly the Macedonians did not agree to jointly rule an empire with the Persians, whom had seen the Persians as the enemy than as fellow subjects or barbarian. Yet Alexander forced this action to his empire. Where do you see a man that was loyal to his men? Fox tells us the impact of this made his men become resentful to him. In result to this resentment in 330 BC Philotas and Parmenio had been executed and parmenio murdered. Again where do you see a man loyal to his men? “
“Alexander was the king father, if he felt that something needed to be done. He would do it even if it meant sacrifices. The Macedonians were being selfish in keeping the empire to themselves, while Alexander a noble and intelligent person found a way to incorporate the Persians instead of killing them. Also Philotas was very guilty of being part of a plot to assassinate the king Alexander, with the evidence of not passing any information to Alexander. It was Philotas’ disloyalty to Alexander that caused Alexander to do such thing. Parmenio was the father of Philotas, it was only smart of Alexander thinking that he would revolt and plot another assassination to Alexander, as he was the link between east and west. “
“However it was to Alexander’s doing that Philotas had resented to him. They felt Alexander was no longer loyal to them. In 329 BC Alexander shows no loyalty or no respect to one of his generals Cleitus, in a drunken argument where Cleitus simply in no intentional harm, questions Alexander’s motives and loyalty to the Macedonians. What does Alexander do? The thing he does best! He murders Cleitus in a drunken rage.”
“Alexander was drunk he did not know what was going on at the time father....
Arrian Pg 213; 353 – 358
Plutarch Pg 301 – 304; 327 – 328
Curtius Pg 128 – 129; 186
- Diodorus Pg 341 & 343
Please join StudyMode to read the full document