Alcohol Abuse Rehabilitation

Topics: Alcoholism, Alcohol abuse, Addiction Pages: 13 (3162 words) Published: September 8, 2014


Alcoholism and Its Treatment Options
Josh Rockey
University of Cincinnati

Abstract
An individual that suffers from alcoholism faces a difficult task in trying to gain sobriety. Some options available to those in the Cincinnati area are Alcoholics Anonymous and treatment centers such as Sojourners Recovery Services in Hamilton, OH, Beckett Springs in West Chester, OH, and the Talbert House in Clifton, OH. Research indicates that Alcoholics Anonymous, on average, is probably not any more beneficial than trying to quit without outside help. Sojourners Recovery and Beckett Springs offer options such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and pharmacological options that do increase the likelihood of remaining abstinent after treatment. Alternative methods of treatment at these centers, such as acupuncture, have not been proven to be effective at promoting abstinence, but may help to ease withdrawal symptoms. In addition to enrolling in a rehabilitation program at a licensed facility, the individual should seek out support from his or her family members, as this will help the individual cope with the enormous stress of giving up alcohol.

Alcoholism and Its Treatment Options
Alcohol has a long and storied history in not just American culture, but in many other world cultures as well. Its use in beverages is believed to have begun almost 10,000 years ago when civilizations in ancient Persia and the Middle East produced a fermented drink from honey and wild yeasts (“An Alcohol History Timeline,” 2011). Wine, beer and liquor would eventually follow (in that order), as numerous societies enjoyed the intoxicating effects of the drug. During the 19th century in the United States, the average American drank 7 gallons of pure alcohol per year (“What in America’s History,” 2005). This rampant drinking led to temperance movements and reformers that pushed for local and national prohibition. Groups such as the Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) would eventually merge with the Anti-Saloon League and form a powerful coalition that elected officials to Congress and put pressure on the government to ratify Prohibition (“What in America’s History,” 2005). The National Prohibition Act was subsequently enacted in 1920, outlawing the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcohol. The Act was repealed 13 years later in 1933, but the message was clear: the effects of alcohol were seen by many as dangerous and destructive, and these effects needed to be addressed. Today, the problems of alcohol abuse and alcoholism have become almost epidemic in American society, as recent studies have asserted that 53% of adults in the U.S. have reported that one or more of their close relatives has a serious problem with drinking (“Alcohol Stats,” 2013). Each year in the United States alone, nearly 50,000 cases of alcohol overdose are reported, and in 2009, over 30 million people stated they had driven under the influence of alcohol at least once in the previous year (“Alcohol Stats,” 2013). In 2007, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported over 14,000 alcoholic liver disease deaths and over 23,000 alcohol-induced deaths (not counting accidents and murders) (“Alcohol Stats,” 2013). The CDC also reported that in 2006, excessive alcohol consumption cost the United States’ economy $223.5 billion (“Excessive Drinking,” 2014).

In an effort to combat the dangers of alcohol abuse and alcoholism, numerous in-patient and out-patient treatment centers are available to those that are seeking help for their affliction. This paper takes a look at four of these treatment options in the greater Cincinnati area. These options include Alcoholics Anonymous, Sojourner Recovery Services in Hamilton, OH, Talbert House in Cincinnati, OH, and Beckett Springs in West Chester, OH. The model of treatment that each facility or program employs will be examined, as well as success rates and recidivism. Additionally, this report...


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