From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Agra district. For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation).
— city —
The Taj Mahal in Agra
Coordinates: 27.18°N 78.02°ECoordinates: 27.18°N 78.02°E
| Uttar Pradesh
| 188.40 km2 (72.74 sq mi)
| 171 m (561 ft)
| 8,954/km2 (23,190/sq mi)
| IST (UTC+5:30)
| 282 X
Agra, the former capital of Hindustan, is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is 363 kilometers (226 mi) west of the state capital, Lucknow, and 200 kilometers (124 mi) south of the national capital New Delhi. With a population of 1,686,976 (2010 est.), it is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh and the 19th most populous in India. Agra can also refer to the administrative district that has its headquarters in Agra city. The city is mentioned in the epic Mahabharata, where it was called Agrevaṇa ("the border of the forest"). Legend ascribes the founding of the city to Raja Badal Singh, a Sikarwar Rajput king (c. 1475), who’s fort, Badalgarh, stood on or near the site of the present fort. However, the 11th century Persian poet Mas'ūd Sad Salman writes of a desperate assault on the fortress of Agra, then held by the Shāhī King Jayapala, by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. Sultan Sikandar Lodī was the first to move his capital from Delhi to Agra in 1506. He died in 1517 and his son, Ibrāhīm Lodī, remained in power there for nine more years, finally being defeated at the Battle of Panipat in 1526. Between 1540 and 1556, Afghans, beginning with Sher Shah Suri, and Hindu King Hem Chandra Vikramaditya (also called Hemu), ruled the area. It achieved fame as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1556 to 1658. In the 18th century, it came under Jat rule. It is a major tourist destination because of its many splendid Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī, all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Contents * 1 Climate * 2 Demographics * 3 History * 4 Transport * 4.1 Air * 4.2 Rail * 4.3 Road * 4.4 Taxi * 4.5 Local transport * 5 Places of interest * 5.1 Tāj Mahal * 5.2 Agra Fort * 5.3 Fatehpūr Sikrī * 5.4 I'timād-Ud-Daulah * 5.5 Akbar's Tomb, Sikandra * 5.6 Swāmī Bāgh Samādhi * 5.7 Mankameshwar Temple * 5.8 Indrabhan Girls' Inter College * 5.9 Guru ka Tal * 5.10 Jamā Masjid * 5.11 Chīnī kā Rauza * 5.12 Rām Bāgh * 5.13 Mariam's Tomb * 5.14 Mehtāb Bāgh * 5.15 Keetham Lake * 5.16 Mughal Heritage Walk * 5.17 The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception * 6 Economy * 7 Education * 7.1 Schools * 7.2 Universities in Agra * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links
Main article: Climate of Agra
Agra features a semiarid climate that borders on a humid subtropical climate. The city features mild winters, hot and dry summers and a monsoon season. However the monsoons, though substantial in Agra, are not quite as heavy as the monsoon in other parts of India. This is a primary factor in Agra featuring a semiarid climate as opposed to a humid subtropical climate. Climate data for Agra, India
| Average high °C (°F)
References: 11. ^ "India’s new Entrepreneurs". Mint. May 16, 2007.
12. ^ "ITC unveils Asia 's largest spa in Agra". Economic Times (India). 2008-03-09. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
* Cole, Henry Hardy (1873). Illustrations of buildings near Muttra and Agra. India Office.
* Agra, Archaeological Society of (1874). Transactions of the Archaeological Society of Agra, Jan–June 1874. Delhi Gazette Press.
* Mukerji, Satya Chandra (1892). The Traveller 's Guide to Agra. Sen & Co., Delhi.
* Fanthome, Frederic (1895). Reminiscences of Agra. Thacker, Spink & Co..
* Latif, Muḥammad (1896). Agra, Historical & Descriptive. Calcutta Central Press.
* Keene, Henry George (1899, Sixth ed.). A Handbook for Visitors to Agra and Its Neighbourhood. Thacker, Spink & Co..
* Smith, Edmund W. (1901). Moghul Colour Decoration of Agra, Part I. Govt. Press, Allahabad.
* Havell, Ernest Binfield (1904). A Handbook to Agra and the Taj, Sikandra, Fatehpur-Sikri, and the Neighbourhood. Longmans, Green & Co., London.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document