Air Pollution

Topics: Oxygen, Air pollution, United States Environmental Protection Agency Pages: 6 (1147 words) Published: November 7, 2014

Air Pollution

Air pollution is very bad. We should regulate the excretion of air pollution from combustion engines and factories. Air pollution is contaminated air. It is both a health hazard and an environmental hazard. There are several ways how air pollution is bad, but there are also ways to help decontaminate or at least lower some of the pollution. Many people know about air pollution, but not everyone knows how hazardous it really is.

According to the Environmental Protection Agency the six most abundant pollutants in the air are ozone, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxides, sulfur dioxides, and lead. Ozone is the main component of smog (What). Smog is “a thick haze caused by the action of sunlight on air polluted especially by smoke and automobile exhaust fumes” (Smog). Particulate matter is made up of a mixture of different things including acids, organic chemicals, metals, and dust particles. Carbon monoxide is a gas chemical that is emitted from combustion engines.

The air pollution from factories and combustion engines causes many problems. The pollution has been known to cause breathing troubles for people with asthma and other respiratory problems. It has also been known to cause acid rain. The ozone in smog makes it hard to breathe, especially for those with asthma. According to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection when we inhale ozone compounds they “damage the cells in our airways; this can lead to respiratory tract inflammation, causing irritation and burning, and can reduce lung function” (Air). Air pollution is also what causes acid rain. Acid rain is “rain that contains a high concentration of pollutants, chiefly sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, released into the atmosphere by the burning of fossil fuels such as coal or oil” (Acid). According to the National Geographic air pollution from factories that causes acid rain is both air and water pollution (National). Factory gasses cause acid rain and intern greatly affects our water supply, creating water pollution. Acid rain can be very dangerous to the environment. By regulating chemical output form factories and cars more it can help eliminate or lower the amount of air pollution and acid rain.

Cars emit carbon monoxide gas. According to Chris Stevenson these chemical vapors can cause illness and death in humans if inhaled for long periods of time (Stevenson). To help eliminate carbon monoxide we should put more regulations on toxic gas emissions. In a single year an average car produces about 575 pounds of carbon monoxide and about 11,450 pounds of carbon dioxide. There are about 193,500,000 registered drivers in America. This means that about 111,262,500,000 pounds of carbon monoxide and 2,215,575,000,000,000,000 pounds of carbon dioxide are produced a year. This makes for a very unhealthy environment. This is a huge contributing factor to why more and more children are being diagnosed with asthma.

Another problem that air pollution from factories and cars present is global warming. Global warming is the gradual increase of the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere. It is believed that gasses such as carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide from cars and factories are what have been causing this. It is very dangerous because it is damaging the ozonosphere or ozone layer for short. The ozone layer is the layer of the earth’s atmosphere that shields us from the sun’s harmful UV rays. According to an article on global warming, global warming is the cause of the ice caps melting in Antarctica (Global). This is very bad because it is raising the sea levels. Raising the sea level can prove to be very dangerous. It would end up putting many places on Earth underwater like New Orleans. New Orleans is 6ft below sea level to 20ft above sea level. According to some scientists if all the ice in Antarctica were to melt it would raise the ocean to 200ft. This would definitely put New Orleans underwater.

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