Aims of Sentencing and Sentences
A sentence is a declaration or the final order of punishment from the court to the offender. Generally, the goals or aims of sentencing is to provide retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, protection of the public, reparation/restitution, denunciation and lastly, incapacitation. The aim of retribution is to give punishment to the offender or in the other word, retaliate the offender for his crimes. Death penalty is a form of retributive sentence which was implemented in the Penal Code at section 302. There are other form of retributive sentences eventhough they do not exactly illustrate the aim of retribution, it’s existence shows the public revulsion to offences. Next, deterrence, sentences are also to deter anyone from making an offense. Deterrence came in two forms, which is specific deterrence and general deterrence. Specific deterrence is about punishing the offender with hopes that he or she will not offend again and general deterrence focused on the people in the general hoping they will be deterred from offending with threats of punishment. Furthermore, rehabilitation, one of the main purpose of sentences are the help the offender to change and no offending anymore. In a recent Home Office study found that there was no actual difference between reconviction rate from custody and community penalties. In fact someone may not reconvicted might be getting good at not getting caught. Another purpose is to protect the public, which is one of the main goal of punishment. The court will either impose death penalty, long term imprisonment or electronic tagging (curfew order). Execution or imprisoning will keep the offender away from the members of the public. Moreover, reparation/restitution, this involves the offender pay compensation to the victim or the victim’s family, usually in the form of money. If the offender’s offense is against the society, the offender will carry out community service as compensation to the...
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