Aids Epidemic

Powerful Essays
Topics: Africa, AIDS, HIV
Aids Epidemic in Africa

Over 30 million people worldwide have been infected with the HIV-AIDS virus. With such high numbers, the troubling fact is that 95% of those cases permeate Africa. Obviously AIDS cannot be cured or reversed in any sense, however with proper insight and treatment it can be controlled. The means for proper treatment is exactly what Africa lacks, in comparison to other regions. Nearly 2.3 million deaths occurred in 2003 within the sub-Saharan region of Africa.The efforts have been increased by various organizations and government spending to treat the disease, however the virus is still spreading and kills thousands upon thousands of Africans each year. Throughout this paper, I will look at some of the steps that have been taken in order to contain the virus in regards to Africa, and the effectiveness of them.
In Botswana, the percentage of people living with HIV/AIDS has doubled since 1992 from 20% to 40%. A third of the country was infected by 1995. The echo of increasing numbers loomed over surrounding countries as 3.2 million were newly diagnosed in 2003 and 2.3 million Africans died the previous year. In comparison with Thailand (a country known for its drug and sex trafficking) with fewer anti-AIDS campaigns the infection rates are still drastically lower, at 2%.
The region of sub-Saharan Africa is the worst in terms of infection. Botswana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, and Lesotho are all similar in the sense that they have infection rates reaching merely 40%. Over 11 million children are orphaned by AIDS within the sub-Saharan region. Throughout the 27 million that are infected, 10 million of those are people between the ages of 15-24. 3 million of those people are under 15 years of age. Almost half of the entire pregnant demographic in Francistown, Botswana in main hospitals were tested positive for the virus. When these women give birth, their children will have up to a 90% chance of contracting HIV. To conquer the high rates of

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