May 2nd, 2012
After doing extensive research, the disease I decided to base my research off of is the disease known as Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, more commonly known as AIDS. This disease of the human immune system is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, better known as HIV. This illness interjects with the immune system, making infections much more commonly induced by people with AIDS. This susceptibility gradually gets worse as this disease progresses. Obtaining HIV is possible in many different ways, such as sexual intercourse, including the practice of oral sex and anal sex. Other ways of contracting this virus includes contaminated blood transfusions, hypodermic needles, an exchange between the mother and her offspring during the pregnancy cycle, childbirth and breastfeeding. This virus can also be transmitted by any contact of a mucous membrane, or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid that has the virus contained inside of it, such as the blood, semen, vaginal fluid, preseminal fluid and even breast milk from an infected host. AIDS is not likely to be transmitted by hugging, unless the host has open sores and legions on their body and is in direct contact with you. AIDS is most likely to be obtained at the ages of 13 to 20. The virus and disease are commonly paired together as HIV and AIDS. The disease, AIDS, is a major health risk across the globe and is widely considered a pandemic, which defined, translates to an outbreak of a disease that is not only active over a large area, but is also actively circulating to new regions. About 700,000 – 900,000 Americans are affected at this present moment. HIV and AIDS, last year, killed a total of 3 million people around the world. 20,000 Canadians are infected by the virus and don’t know it, however, 35,000 Americans are also infected by the virus and don’t know it. More than 75% of people around the globe aren’t aware that HIV or AIDS infects them. In the United States, Afro-American woman are at a higher risk to obtain the infection. 95% of new HIV infections are among the world’s poorest countries. AIDS is the fourth leading cause of death around the globe. In the United States, HIV and AIDS are the sixth leading cause of death among those that are between the ages of 25 and 44, topped by accidental injury, malignancy, suicide, heart disease and homicide. AIDS and HIV, on average, infect 8,200 per day. Every hour, this virus effects and leaches on to two Americans. Every minute, HIV affects eleven people globally. Women are 8x’s more likely to contract HIV from one act of sexual intercourse to another than are men. In previous years, such as 2009, the World Health Organization estimated that approximately 33.4 million people around the world are living with either HIV or AIDS, concluding that 2.7 million new HIV infections are occurring each year, with 2 million annual deaths caused by AIDS. However, in the year of 2007, UNAIDS estimated that there were approximately 33.2 million people around the world that were HIV positive, with AIDS causing 2.1 million deaths that year, which included 330,000 children. However, 76% of these deaths in children were caused in sub-Saharan Africa. According to a 2009 UNAIDS report, since the start of this pandemic, approximately 60 million people have become infected, with an estimated 25 million deaths and 14 million orphaned children in southern Africa alone. Genetic, but not extensive or conclusive research indicates that HIV originated in west-central Africa during the later quarter of the nineteenth century and early quarter of the twentieth century. AIDS was first acknowledged by the Centers for disease Control and Prevention in 1981. AIDS is considered to be the most severe form of the HIV infection. HIV, its perquisite, was acknowledged the year before in 1980. Treatments for HIV and AIDS, though available, can only slow the process of the...
Citations: 1. ruxin, josh. combating aids in the developing world. 8-12 camden high street London NW1 OjH, UK: Earthscan, 2005.
2. whiteside, alan. HIV/AIds a very short ntroduction. oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
3. Douglas, Paul Harding. The Essential Aids Fact Book. new york city: pocket books, 1987.
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