AH111B Notes

Topics: Impressionism, Édouard Manet, Painting Pages: 21 (2441 words) Published: April 21, 2015
LECTURE 10
Baroque Period has now moved into France
Louis XIV
Had absolute power and chose to move art “capitol” to Versailles from Paris If you refused he would have you arrested and executed
Extreme Dictatorship
Power back to the Monarchy
Any powerful beings had to live in Versailles
CENTRALIZATION OF POWER
Hierarchy of the Genres
History Painting
Portraiture
Genre Painting
Landscape
Still Life
Intellect Superior to Skill
Drawing Superior to Color
Establishment of the Salon (Contemporary Art Exhibition by Members of Academy) History paintings were the most important pieces
Even in the hanging pf the art there was a hierarchy
Death of Louis XIV in 1715 ended the Baroque period in France Regent, Philip of Orleans rules until Louis the XV is old enough Rococo, from the French Rocaille, meaning shell ornament
Rococo has two sides: LIGHT HEARTE & ENLIGHTMENT

LIGHT HEARTED
JEAN- ANTOINE WATTEAU
PILGRIMAGE TO THE ISLANF OF CYTHERIA
1717
Fetegalante
Is very whimsical, light hearted; shows a want for fantasy and is very fun Cupids
Soft and gentle
Progression of getting up and leaving down the hill, returning to reality LIGHT HEARTED
JEAN-HONORE FRAGONARD
THE MEETING
1771
Madam du Berry is portrayed in the piece of art
Focused mostly on romance
Holding arrows because she is protecting her partner/husband

PORTRAITURE
THOMAS GAINSBOROUGH
PORTRAIT OF MRS. RICHARD BRINSLEY SHERIDAN
1785
Dressed her up as a Sheppard’s girl
Made her seem poor, more humble

THE ENLIGHTMENT
Some of the major thinkers: Rousseau, Voltaire, Diderot
KEY CONCEPTS
Liberty and Human Rights
Renewed Enthusiasm for Science
Realization of Middle Class Values
Criticism of Arbitrary Authority (Absolute Power and Dictatorship) ENLIGHTMENT
JEAN-SIMEON CHARDIN
THE GOVERNESS
1739

Genre Painting
She is gently reprimanding him over the mess in is room
Simple morality coming from a woman who is hired help
Lessons coming from lower class to the upper class
Do not forget morality and go off to have fun/ love
MORAL SIDE OF ROCOCCO

ENLIGHTMENT IN ENGLAND
JOSEPH WRIGHT
AN EXPERIMENT ON A BIRD IN AN AIR-PUMP
1768

Creation of a vacuum
Light of scientific discovery
He demonstrates the creation by sucking the air away from the bird and ultimately killing it The young girls are upset over the death of the bird
CONTROL OVER YOUR EMOTIONS

LECTURE 12
Romanticism- follows Neo-Classism
Very emotional
Heart wrenching emotions are pulled out of you
VICTIM=HERO
MANY DIFFERENT FORMS
Victim as the Hero
Violence: militarized Marianne
The Sublime: making you feel two emotions at a time
Napoleon Bonaparte: French Empire 1804-1814
Once the French beheaded their king, they became everybody’s enemy The French did not wait to be attacked, instead they attacked the Austrians; Bonaparte began to expand the French Empire: Italy… Napoleon became the Emperor (Dictator)

SPAIN welcomed Napoleon
Crossed through Spain in order to reach Portugal, and eventually came back and took control of it. They annexed Spain Spanish welcomed Napoleon, they expected the French to bring democracy, enlightment… instead they were faced with rape, violence and other horrible acts Louis XVlll has taken control and is angry with the French over the death of Louis XV Many artists are unsure of what to do, whether they will paint for Louis XVlll or something else NEW IDENTITY OF THE ARTIST AS THE REBEL

1830 THEY OVERTURNED THE MONACHY

ROMANTICISM
FRANCISCO GOYA
THIRD OF MAY
1808

Goya saw Napoleon’s expansion from the other side, he witnessed what it did to his people Crossed through Spain in order to reach Portugal, and eventually came back and took control of it. Spanish welcomed Napoleon, they expected the French to bring democracy, enlightment… instead they were faced with rape, violence and other horrible acts The Spanish rose up on the 2nd of May and are violently put down...
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