Volume 4 Issue 2
online ISSN 2277 – 9809
Agriculture Sector in Haryana: Performance Evaluation with Special Reference to Post Reform Period
Scholar in Sociology
The Economy of Haryana is going on right path of economic growth during the recent year. According to quack estimates, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) at factor cost at constant price (20040-05) is estimated to be Rs. 151691.82 crore for 2009-10 as against the revised estimates of Rs. 137964.81crore for 2008-09 and growth rate recorded at 9.9 percent in the year of 2009-10180. The agriculture sector is a significant integral part of Haryana‟s economy. Haryana‟s economy largely depends on agriculture sector while other sectors like manufacturing and service sector are prevailing in the economy. The state has a number of investment and business opportunities. Nowadays, the state is rapidly growing in infrastructure, industries, services, BPO etc. Gurgaon region is the core area of Haryana state which has vast number of job opportunities. The state of Haryana has also location advantage for setting up of industries in terms of its proximity to the National Capital Region (NCR). Within the state, Rohtak, Sonepat, Gurgaon and Faridabad have a special potential for development. Furthermore, the state is also going on right path of education. Literacy rate of male and female in Haryana has been increasing continuously since 1961. According to 2001 Census, state‟s average (male & female) literacy rate was 67.91.181
Agriculture sector plays an essential role in providing food to the state or nation; and to generate employmentopportunitiesand raw material to the industrial sector. Haryana‟s immense potential is in the agriculture and allied activities. The state is self-sufficient in the production of food grains for feeding the people. It greatly contributed to the Green Revolution in India in 1970s as
Economic Survey of Haryana 2010-11
Census of India 2001
International Research Journal of Management Sociology & Humanities http:www.irjmsh.com
Volume 4 Issue 2
online ISSN 2277 – 9809
a result of which country has become self-sufficient in food production. The state is able to achieve its rightful potential as „Corp Diversification and Food grain Logistics Hub‟ for Northern India182. According to Budget 2010-11, the state agriculture sector‟s contribution was at 14.9 per cent in 2010-11 whereas itscontribution was 56.6 per cent in 1966-67 of GSDP.183 In recent years, the contribution of agriculture sector in Gross state Domestic Production has declined drastically in spite of the fact thatagriculture development is the integral part of overall development of state economy.
The present study is an attempt to highlight the performance of Haryana agriculture in wake of different agricultural reforms. The study analyses the behavior of various indicators which show the performance of agriculture sector viz. Area under Principal Crops, Production of principal Crops, Average Yield of Principal Crops and Growth Rate of Agricultural Output. The growth rate of output represents the aggregate performance of agriculture sector. Furthermore, the output growth is associated with the sufficient availability of food in state. The area, production and average yield of principal crops reflect the changing structure of agriculture in Haryana over different periods.
National Schemes and Programmes
The state government has put into action National Agriculture Insurance Scheme for the hedging risk of crops from Kharib season 2004 onward. It provided a Zero Till Technology to farmers which tell about the timing of sowing the crops, saving the energy as well cost reduction of cultivation. An innovative programme i.e. Toll Free Agricultural Help-Line through which farmers can ask the specialists about their queries and can have a solution of problems and SMS service...
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