agricultural science research (CAPE)

Topics: Agriculture, Poverty, Farm Pages: 13 (1274 words) Published: March 5, 2015
Research Question
What are the effects of low production on farmers in the community of top hill St. Thomas? Objectives:

To discover what are the factors that contribute to poor production.

To discover effects of poor production on farmers in the community of top hill St.Thomas.

To discover the solutions farmers use for poor production.

To attain the information necessary for this research, some observation, and a personal interview was done with some farmers. In which they answered a series of questions. Also, research was done on the world wide web to gain information related to the research question and objectives. By doing this interview, the researcher discovered the causes, effects, and solutions to the problem of poor production in the farming community of top hill St. Thomas.

Literature review
According to the, entry on crop production, crop production is concerned with the exploitation of plant morphological (or structural) and plant physiological (or functional) responses with a soil & atmospheric environment to produce a high yield per unit area of land. Growth is irreversible increase in size or weight. The factors that affect crop production are: 1. The soil in which crops are grown

2. The water which is the life of the plant
3. The skillful management of the farmer himself
4. The climate which is out of control of man & but decided the growth, development & production. 5. The genetic characters of crop plant which is the genetic makeup & can be exploited for crop production. Broadly, the factors that influence the growth of crop or crop production can be classified as Internal or Genetic Factors and External or Environmental Factors.

Research methodology
The methods used in collecting data for this research are personal interviews. An interview is a formal meeting in which one party or individual ask another party or individual questions to collect needed information. The researcher decided to use the interview method as there would be an immediate return of information, and this data can be analyzed almost well as the fact that unclear questions can be clarified. The interview and observation were done in top, hill St. Thomas on four farms, and took place on February 28, 2014.

From the data collected, it was discovered that natural disasters can lead to poor crop production. On the farms studied, 100 % of the crops were lost, or rendered unmarketable in the last hurricane, (sandy 2012).the slope of the land o the made it very easy for water to wash away soil and crops. It was also discovered that the type of tools had an effect on production. The farm that used machetes, forks and hoes were noted to receive lower returns, than a farm that was mechanized, as mechanized farms are more efficient, as well as more land can be farmed with these machines. Another factor that affected production was the climate of the area. The farmers, who had all been in agriculture over 25 years, noted that there was a time when there was much more yearly rainfall, and during that time, returns were much higher. According to the farmers, another factor that caused poor production was the fertility of the land. Fertile soil can be described as soil that provides enough nutrients, has a good water holding capacity as well as good drainage and also should provide a good anchor for roots. It was discovered that things such as excess rainfall, over farming and stripping them land of plants made it loose its fertility. An important factor that causes poor production is insect pests and diseases. The farmer noted that they cause plants to not function properly, as well as eating the plants, so production is very limited. Some insect pests are the weevil and caterpillars, and a disease is spotted leaf disease. Labour also affects production. Most small farmers, included the one studied do not have the capital to hire labour, so...

Bibliography: Ragoonanan,S. (2011).Agriculture for CSEC. Gulfview : Caribbean Educational Publishers
Rahill,V. (2004). New Caribbean Geography. Chaguanas: Eniath’s Printing Co. Ltd
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