Agricultural Cooperative

Topics: Cooperative, Agricultural economics, Dividend Pages: 4 (1056 words) Published: November 23, 2013
An agricultural cooperative, also known as a farmers' co-op, is a cooperative where farmers pool their resources in certain areas of activity. A broad typology of agricultural cooperatives distinguishes between agricultural service cooperatives, which provide various services to their individually farming members, and agricultural production cooperatives, where production resources (land, machinery) are pooled and members farm jointly.[1] Examples of agricultural production cooperatives include collective farms in former socialist countries, the kibbutzim in Israel, collectively governed community shared agriculture, Longo Mai co-operatives [2] and Nicaraguan production co-operatives.[3] Worker cooperatives provide an example of production cooperatives outside agriculture. The default meaning of agricultural cooperative in English is usually an agricultural service cooperative, which is the numerically dominant form in the world. There are two primary types of agricultural service cooperatives, supply cooperative and marketing cooperative. Supply cooperatives supply their members with inputs for agricultural production, including seeds, fertilizers, fuel, and machinery services. Marketing cooperatives are established by farmers to undertake transportation, packaging, distribution, and marketing of farm products (both crop and livestock). Farmers also widely rely on credit cooperatives as a source of financing for both working capital and investments. Contents [hide]

1 Why farmers form cooperatives
2 Supply cooperatives
3 Examples
3.1 Canada
3.2 Israel
3.3 Ukraine
3.4 United States
3.5 Netherlands
4 Marketing cooperatives
4.1 Examples
4.1.1 New Zealand
4.1.2 Canada
4.1.3 India
4.1.4 Israel
4.1.5 Netherlands
4.1.6 Ukraine
4.1.7 United States
4.1.8 Mexico
5 Production cooperatives
5.1 Cuba
6 Origins
7 References
8 Further Reading
9 See also
Why farmers form cooperatives[edit source | editbeta]

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