Agrarian Reform Issues

Topics: Sociology, Institution, Structural functionalism Pages: 5 (1321 words) Published: July 20, 2013
University of Santo Tomas
Faculty of Arts and Letters
Special Issues and Social Problems

Name:Denzel G. SarmientoYear and Section: 4ASN2
Date: March 11, 2012Assoc. Prof. Marina D. Gamo, Ph.D.

Answer the following questions after reading the document about poverty, all reports of each group/individual and the discussions we had in the classroom. Limit your answer to seven to ten substantive sentences only fully cited by related reviews and studies that you will use in the critique/answer. Plagiarized statements and notations shall be considered as invalid and the document will be equivalent to zero. Type your answer on this questionnaire.

1. Discuss how issues and problems are dealt with in social planning and social policy writing based from the framework below Fig. 1 Schematic framework showing the interrelatedness of social institutions, and social structures.

Social Structures

Social Institutions
-Society is defined by the interconnection of units that creates larger scale system relations in the society. Emile Durkheim’s sociological theory which is Structural Functionalism would perfectly represent the schematic framework. According to him, structural functionalism is when societies tend to be divided but is held together by shared values, common symbols or systems of exchanges, which creates stability. Small factors in the structure would eventually affect the higher strata of the society, there is interdependence among us, society is a network of statuses connected by associated roles (Leung, Richardson). The formulation of social policies is based on the needs of the status quo, it is deeply associated by the present condition of the society. In the paper of Subedi entitled ‘Structural Functional Perspective in Sociology’ discussed the consensus and conflict perspective wherein due to conflict “society cannot operate for any length of time on the basis of force. Society is held together by the consensus of its members”. It simply describes society as a perpetually changing structure which needs continuous planning and execution of social programs to keep up with the progressing evolution of humanity. Social planning and policy making is the analysis of the things that a social system needs in order to survive. One of the objectives of this is to maintain the stability of pattern, facilitates the society in resolving social problems, and integrating dependent units in achieving unity (Subedi, 2010).

2. Discuss landlessness as a social problem. Please highlight its impact on farmers and society as a whole. -Landlessness is a manifestation of poverty wherein a person is deprived on the possession of land as an opportunity for growth or development. Unequal distribution of land is the root cause of the landlessness of the farmers, this could be traced in the Spanish colonization wherein the encomienda system were put into practice wherein the landowners would hire farmers to till their land and most of the revenues that will be generated will be on the hands of the landowners which is apparently unfair. Landlessness is a significant social problem because it would worsen other social problems that are already present. Take Uganda for example, a study that was conducted by Alinyo and Leahy (2007) entitled ‘the Impact of Landlessness on Sustainable Agricultural Initiatives; Benet Sub County, Kapchorwa, Uganda’, wherein the study discusses that the issues of landlessness are cause by the following: Rapid population growth, lack of ownership rights, inadequate extension services. The effects would be: Low crop yields, low household incomes, hunger that would totally result into rural poverty. The case of Uganda is not different to the situation of the Philippines with regards to landlessness, landlessness of the farmers has been an issue since then, a clear...

References: • Balisacan, Arsenio M. (2003), “Poverty and Inequality,” in Arsenio Balisacan and Hal Hill (eds.), The Philippine Economy: Development, Policies, and Challenges, New York: Oxford University Press.
• Balisacan, Arsenio M. (2007), “Local Growth and Poverty Reduction,” in Arsenio Balisacan and Hal Hill (eds.), The Dynamics of Regional Development: The Philippines in East Asia, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar
• Ledesma, Antonio J. (1982). Landless Workers and Rice Farmers: Peasant Subclasses Under Agrarian Reform in Two Philippine Villages. Los Baños, Laguna: International Rice Institute.
• Subedi, Devi Prasad (2010). Structural Functional Perpective in Sociology. Tribhuvan University, Nepal. from, retrieved March 9, 2012.
Systems’ relations
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