Group 2 BSHRM3-A
1. Define Agrarian Reform in the Philippines.
The present agrarian law implemented nationwide is the Republic Act no. 6657 otherwise known as The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law or CARL, signed into law by former president Corazon C. Aquino and implementing to that effect the government program known as Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program or CARP. It is called comprehensive because it covers not only private lands but also public lands and other lands of the public domain which are classified as agricultural, regardless of the crops planted thereon, the growing fruit trees, farm products, and other farm activities perform and/or than by persons, whether natural or judicial. The 1987 Philippine Constitution, Article II, Sec. 21 says that: the state shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and improve quality of life for all. The state must reasonably solve the age old problem of poverty of our people who are ill-housed, ill-clad, and ill- nourished, a great majority of whom live in the rural areas. Spanish time
During the Spanish time, big tracks of lands where owned by the Friars or Religious Orders. The process of distribution of lands was than in the form of rewards to the peasants of their loyalty and faithful service to the Spanish Crown. The rest of the farmers possessed lands under the so called shared tenancy. American Time
After the Spanish occupation, the church land were subdivided as a measure of land reform and this land where sold to the farmers to resolve peasant unrest. This process serve as a set up fotr the Filipino farmers to buy and amass big tracts of land which later on became the haciendas. That is the reason why we cannot blame the Aquino and other clans if they have Hacienda Luisita, Hacienda Arroyo and...
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