Agrarian Reform

Topics: Agriculture, Philippines / Pages: 6 (1157 words) / Published: Mar 22nd, 2015
AGRARIAN REFORM
(Concept, Aspects, Evolution of Philippine Agrarian
Structure, Present Agrarian Problems)

REYES, Antonette | NORIEGA, Stella | ALFONSO, Joyce Kristin

AGRARIAN REFORM
• refers to a broad program to improve not only the productivity, but also the income levels of the agrarian sector, to generate and expand employment, and reduce poverty in the countryside
• human relations pertaining to land

LAND REFORM
• an integrated set of measures designed to eliminate obstacles to economic and social development arising out of defects in the agrarian structure
• refers to full range of measures that may be taken to improve or remedy the defects in the relations among men with respect to their lands.

Aspects of Agrarian Reform
• Political Aspect – land is/was used to capture political power. (e.g. colonizers, politicians, etc.)
• Economic Aspect – agricultural sector is the dominant industry in the Philippines making it as an agricultural country. • Moral Aspect – people have the right to a piece of land, if not for profit, at least for the construction of their home.
• Religious Aspect – ‘’In the beginning, God created the
Earth. The Earth was without form and void, On the third day, God said: Let the Earth bring forth grass, the herb that yield seed, and the fruit tree that yields fruit according to its kind, whose seed in it is in itself, on the Earth.’’
- Genesis 1:1 and 11

• Legal Aspect - Constitution
Art. II Sec. 21 – The state shall promote comprehensive rural development in agrarian reform.
Art. XII Sec. 1 – The state shall promote industrialization and full employment based on sound agricultural development and agrarian reform.
Art. XIII Sec. 4,5,6,7,8 – The state shall:
- undertake an agrarian reform program founded on the right of farmers and regular farmworkers who are landless, to own directly or collectively lands..
- recognize the right of the farmers, farm owners, landowners, etc.
- apply the principles of agrarian reform
- provide

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