top-rated free essay

Aging Literature

By farrahistina Apr 14, 2010 416 Words
This literature review addresses several issues related to the study of aging. Theoretical perspectives, research methods, and current controversies are reviewed.

One issue that has beset the development of research on aging is a definition of old age (Scanzoni & Scanzoni, 1988, p. 549). Research in the United Kingdom and the United States has found that the older a person is in a chronological sense, the later is the chronological age at which that person tends to think old age begins. The concept of old age also is affected by social stratum: lower-status persons, as an example tend to think that old age begins in the fifties, while higher-status persons tend to think that old age begins around age 65.

Advances in medical science and technology have led to increased life spans for an increasing proportion of the population; however, social development has not kept pace (Scanzoni & Scanzoni, 1988, p. 549). Thus, many among the growing numbers of older people lead increasingly less rewarding lives. Further, the increasing numbers of persons in the population aged 65 or older demand that research into aging develop methods that address the differences among age groupings within the 65 and over classification.

There also is a subjective context to aging (Scanzoni & Scanzoni, 1988, p. 550). Younger people tend to perceiving old age differently from older people, at a general level, and at a specific level all persons do not age

. . .
ehavior will be evaluated in the context of one's basic beliefs. If these basic beliefs are unrealistic or irrational, one's expectancies will likely also tend to be unrealistic and irrational. Adaptation enables an individual to understand the surrounding environment (McDougall, 1995, pp. 26-27). Adaptation occurs through the functioning of the mental processes of assimilation and accommodation. Assimilation involves the perception and interpretation of new information within the context of existing knowledge and understanding. Accommodation is a more advanced process that involves the restructuring of mental organization in order to include new information. The ecological approach to psychology is a functional approach. In this approach, psychological problems are construed as instances of adaptation. Ecological science defines perception as an awareness of one's environment. The focus in on a being's vertical experience. Vertical experience implies that an environment permits a being to both live and reproduce. The environment is integral to this definition of perception, because varieties of meaningful experience cannot be studied as instances of perception unless an environmental component is integral to the being

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Theories of Aging

    ...Lifestage Development Theories of Ageing For this part of the assignment I am going to be describing two theories of ageing. Firstly I will be describing the Disengagement theory and then the Activity theory. I will then be comparing the similarities and differences between the two, and also writing up two case studies of older people and expl...

    Read More
  • Aging and Adulthood

    ...Aging and Adulthood Kathleen Linton CCMH/504 August 5th, 2013 Dennis Daugherty, LMFT, MSCIS Aging and Adulthood Since the 1900’s, life expectancy has increased by an average of 30 years, today the average women will live to be 80.7 years old and the average man will live to be 75.4 years old. At the age of 75 years old, 61 percent of...

    Read More
  • Sociology of Aging

    ...much debate and question considering the vast amount of positive and negative effects it could have. Though we are able to use science to see how we age, it is still a mystery as to why. Scientist approach this question very simply, is aging an effect of our environment? Or do we come out of the womb with internal biological processes that age...

    Read More
  • The Aging Process

    ...men still tend to focus mostly on their careers, but they are also more involved in their family life than used to be the case. They spend more time with their children and are less likely to always let the job come first. In the 1960s, en whose wives were employed did about 20 percent of the work around the house. Midlife Transition Young a...

    Read More
  • Aging Is an Unpredictable Process

    ...Ageing is an Unpredictable Process Ageing is an unpredictable process. Aging is defined as the accumulation of changes in an organism or object over time. Ageing in humans refers to a multidimensional process of physical, psychological, and social change. Many people age gracefully and some not so pleasingly. There are many stages in life t...

    Read More
  • Perspective of Aging Paper

    ...I Perspective of Aging Paper Jerusha Palmer UOP- Dimensions of Health and the Older Adult-HCS 433 Angela McWilliams November 26, 2012 Perspective of Aging Paper Aging, the process of developing or growing old; the progression of changes in appearance (American Heritage Dictionary, 2007). The role of the media is to educate and...

    Read More
  • Theories of Aging

    ...Explain the theories of aging Ageing is the changes in a person over time. Ageing in humans refers to a multidimensional process of physical, psychological, and social change. Population ageing is the increase in the number and proportion of older people in society. Population ageing has three possible causes: migration, longer life expectancy,...

    Read More
  • Aging in America Essay 2

    ...the reality of growing older. There are many aspects of this change that will affect us in a large way. According to the Merck Manual of Health and Aging, 1.5% of Americans are 85 or older. This research states that the number of people 100 years or older could rise from 1 out of 5,578 in the year 2000, to 1 out of 472 in the year 2050. It br...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.