...Effects of Aging in Prison
Wanda W. Jones
Table of Contents
Aging in Prison Literature Review 4
Survey and Data Collection Tool 15
Data Collection Method 18
Institutional Review Board 23
Peer Review 24
This research proposal will be on the agingprison population. The topic to be explored will be the impact of the elderly in prison on society. It will attempt to understand why aging in prison has become such a hot topic for discussion. Some of the topics being discussed include housing, healthcare, hospice and re-entry into society. The study will review why there are so many aging prisoners and the impact it is having on the aged prisoners, the correctional system and society at large. A review of male and female elderly prisoners will be discussed. A more thorough analysis will be on the reasons for the boom in the agingprison population which may include sentencing laws; parole; repeat offenders; nature of crime (property, person, violent or non-violent); increased life expectancy and mental illness among others that may be discovered. In addition a review would be done on how prisoners feel about aging in prison, does it bring a...
...COGNITIVE AND PERCEPTUAL FACTORS IN AGING AND DRIVING
Edward J. Rinalducci, Mustapha Mouloua, and Janan Smither
Department of Psychology
University of Central Florida
Final Technical Report No. VPL-03-01
Visual Performance Laboratory
Department Of Psychology
University of Central Florida
Orlando, Fl. 32816-1390
Technical Report submitted to the Florida Department of Transportation,
Tallahassee under grant number 16-21-713 to the University of Central
Florida and CATSS: Drs. Edward J. Rinalducci, Mustapha Mouloua, and
Janan Al-Awar Smither were the Principal Investigators. The views
presented in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily
represent those of UCF, CATSS, or FDOT. Mr. Jack Selter was the Technical
Monitor. Comments on this report may be sent to Edward J. Rinalducci,
Department of Psychology, University of Central Florida, Orlando FL, 328161780.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Tasks and Materials
Data Collection and Analyses
Results and Discussion
The report examines cognitive and perceptual factors as a function of age differences in
Three major groups of participants employed in the proposed research. The
younger group range from 19 to...
Jail’s and Prison’s Response
Tracey B. Freeman
February 1, 2015
Jail’s and Prison’s Response
Prisons range from minimum to maximum security. They are designed to house criminals who have committed similar types of offenses. The penal institutions of developed countries usually offer better living conditions and greater inmate safety than those found in undeveloped or authoritarian nations. Although most correctional facilities are intended to incarcerate adult, civilian criminals, prison types, exist for military personnel, juveniles, violent psychiatric patients, and political agitators. There are five basic prison types in the United States. Other countries feature different methods of categorization. United States Prisons are divided into Maximum security, low security, medium security, high security, and correctional complexes. Prisons are designed to house those who have broken the law and to remove them from the free society. Inmates are locked away for a set amount of time and obtain limited freedoms during their incarceration. Juvenile- Individuals under 18 are juveniles. Anyone who is not of a legal age, is never locked up in a general prison with adults. They are placed in a facility that is designed just for juveniles. Minimum, Medium, and High security- Minimum is reserved for white collar criminals who have committed...
Date: March 27, 2013
To: Federal Bureau of Prisons
From: Karrington C Norris
Subject: Overcrowding of Juvenile Correctional Facilities
Within the juvenile correctional facilities community, there are public and private institutions that both experience and suffer from similar problems. The problems that face these facilities are overcrowding. Through close comparison of the major issues with juvenile correctional facilities, the institutions are revealed to be ineffective with rehabilitation and to have negative impacts on the juveniles. Thus, insight will be gained on the types of problems both kinds of institutions face and the impact incarceration has upon its juvenile occupants.
Identifying the Problem
Public correctional facilities and inmate characteristics have unique differences that are visual in America’s prisons and jails. The inmate descriptions show that there are more youth from lower socio-economic status backgrounds occupying a larger percentage of public juvenile correctional facilities than any other cohort. “Public facilities hold the majority of delinquent offenders and, thus, drive the trend for delinquency populations” (Hess, 2010). A juvenile delinquent is a person who is typically under the age of 18 and commits an act that otherwise would have been charged as a crime if they were an adult. Depending on the type and severity of the offense committed, it is possible for persons under...
...his basic background, we moved on to asking him about his observations, experiences, and opinions on ageism. The first thing that comes in mind was the physical changes of a person as he or she approaches elderly era. In other words, I was wondering how it feels to become old as time passed by and he was more than happy to answer. He sees aging as a natural process that is inevitable for every human being on the planet. “All living creatures on earth experience the growth of oneself everyday; if one does not, it would not be alive”, he chuckles. Then he explains that as one ages, their basic physical abilities starts to wear off. He gave us an example; he said that older people get tired more easily and that he noticed the decline in physical strengths compared to that of the same person’s earlier life. One elder would have more health concerns; sensory abilities being the foremost one. Bottom line, the person’s body parts become weaker over time. The comparison between older people and younger people immediately reminded me of one of the theories we discussed in class. The Wear-and-Tear Theory, under the topic of biological theories of aging exactly described the same concept that Mr. John did during the interview. The Wear-and-Tear Theory states that the human body, like all multicellular organisms, is constantly wearing out and being repaired.
“No one is better than I am and I am better than no one.” He said.
Evans continued on talking...
...What is ageing?
Ageing can be defined as the manifestation of biological events that occur over a span of time. Aging can also be defined as a progressive functional decline, or a gradual deterioration of physiological function with age, including a decrease in fecundity (Partridge and Mangel, 1999), or the intrinsic, inevitable, and irreversible age-related process of loss of viability and increase in vulnerability (Comfort, 1964). Clearly, human aging is associated with a wide range of physiological changes that not only make us more susceptible to death, but that limit our normal functions and render us more susceptible to a number of diseases.
What are the different types of ageing?
Active ageing is the process of optimizing opportunities for health, participation and security in order to enhance quality of life as people age. It applies to both individuals and population groups.
Active ageing allows people to realize their potential for physical, social, and mental well-being throughout the life course and to participate in society, while providing them with adequate protection, security and care when they need.
The word “active” refers to continuing participation in social, economic, cultural, spiritual and civic affairs, not just the ability to be physically active or to participate in the labour force. Older people who retire from work, ill or live with disabilities can remain active contributors to their families, peers,...
...may issue "National Security Letters" (NSLs), requiring records of electronic communications from any library or library consortium that is deemed to be a "wire or electronic communications service provider."2 Unlike an order that is issued under Section 215 of the Patriot Act, the issuance of an NSL is not subject to judicial oversight. Rather, the FBI may issue an NSL simply based on a claim that the "records sought are relevant to an authorized investigation to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities."3 In addition, a gag order provision like that in Section 215 restricts the disclosure of any information regarding the NSL, and anyone convicted of violating the gag order faces up to five years in prison (Jacob Hill, 199-2003).
September 11, 2001 changed this country and due to the attacks that took place certain laws was put into place. The Patriot Act is one that is here to monitor any possible terroristic activities. The Patriot Act is here to keep you and I and our country safe so that we do not have to hopefully ever have another 9/11 take place.
9/11. (2001-2013). Retrieved July 14, 2013, from New York Times: http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/s/sept_11_2001/index.html
Freedom of Speech Network. (2009). Retrieved July 14, 2013, from USA Patriot Act 2001: http://usapatriotact.com/
Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. (2013). Retrieved July 14, 2013, from USA...
...In the United States, prison overcrowding and budget cuts within the criminal justice system have lead to an increase in the need and the development of private prisons and jails. "A private prison is a place in which individuals are physically confined by a third party that is contracted by a local, state, or federal government agency. Private prison companies typically enter into contractual agreements with local, state, or federal governments that commit prisoners and then pay a per diem or monthly rate for each prisoner confined in the facility”. There are several advantages and disadvantages to private prisons and jails, as well as conflict.
The government believes that contracting with reputable private firms is one way to cut cost in prisons and eliminate overcrowding. Studies have shown that private prison construction is 24% lower than state built systems. Along with cutting cost, a private facility will allow the government to increase housing capacities at a rapid rate. For example in Houston, Texas; a new Immigration and Naturalization Service facility was estimated to cost $26,000 per bed and built in 30 months through government construction. A private firm did the job at $14,000 per bed and took less than six months to build. With the cost of construction being decreased and time saved, overcrowding was also reduced.
Private facilities can...