Topics: Manufacturing, Lean manufacturing, Production line Pages: 67 (2897 words) Published: April 22, 2015
Marmara University
Institute of Pure and Applied Science

History of Agile Manufacturing
In 1991, an industry-led study, sponsored by the
United States Navy Mantech Program, and
supported by the Iacocca Institute at Lehigh
University in the United States, was conducted in
order to originate a new paradigm for successful
manufacturing enterprises.
 The report of that study, entitled “21st Century
Manufacturing Enterprise Strategy”, coined
the term “agile manufacturing”

History of Agile Manufacturing
 The

report which is entitled “21st Century
Manufacturing Enterprise Strategy”, coined
a term “agile manufacturing” to describe a
new emerging manufacturing paradigm,
expected to replace mass production.

 “21st

Century Manufacturing Enterprise
Strategy” described how US industrial
competitivenes too.

Introduction to Agile Manufacturing
Agile manufacturing can be defined as an
enterprise level manufacturing strategy of
introducing new products into rapidly
changing markets or as an organizational
ability to thrive in a competitive
environment characterized by continuous
and sometimes unforeseen change.
 Agile manufacturing is a method for manufacturing
which combine organization, people and
technology into an integrated and coordinated

 Agile

manufacturing is a strategy aimed at
developing capabilities (the enterprise platform)
to prosper in the next century. In this respect it
is similar to a manufacturing strategy in that it
should support business and marketing
strategies. However, these strategies also need
to be modified to take advantage of agile
manufacturing capabilities.
 Agile Manufacturing sets out to identify
and apply practical tools, methodologies,
and best practices that enable companies to
achieve manufacturing agility within a
turbulent business environment.

 Kidd

discussed that main resource of agile
manufacturing are;
 Management

 Employees and workers with high
motivation and excellent training
 Intelligent and flexible technology

The Structure of Agile Manufacturing

Figure 1: The structure of Agile manufacturing (Masoud
S.A )

What is Agility?
 Agility

is dynamic, context specific,
aggressively change embracing, and growth
oriented. It is not about improving efficiency,
cutting costs, or battening down the
business hatches to ride out fearsome
competitive storms. It is about succeeding
and about winning profits, market share and
customers in the very centre of competitive
storms that many companies now fear."

 Agility

is a combination of responsiveness,
flexibility, productivity and customization

Manufacturing Agility
 Manufacturing

Agility is the ability to
respond to, and create new windows
of opportunities in a turbulent market
environment driven by individualising
customer requirements cost
effectively, rapidly and continuously

The Main Features of Agility


They are solutions to customer’ individual
problems. Agility is centred on the
satisfaction of customer’s individual needs
and the quickly changeover of equipment.
Virtual organisation
Internal and external co-operation are the
strategies of choice. The aim is to bring agile
products to market in minimum time by
leveraging resources through co-operation

 Entrepreneurial


Companies must “organize to thrive on
change”. Agile manufacturers must have
personnel who can convert change to the

 Knowledge-based


The key differentiators in tomorrow’s world will
be people and information. Thus, agility
contains the decentralization of authority and
leverages the value of human and information

The Agility Principles
 Agility

is about the basis of competition, business
practices, and corporate structures in...

References:  Çetin O, Altuğ N, (2005)Çevik Üretim, 5.Üretim
Araştırmaları Sempozyumu pg 301-306
 Gunasekaran, A. (2001). Agile Manufacturing: The 21st
Century Competitive Strategy
 Gunasekaran,
A., 1999, “Agile Manufacturing: A
 Gunasekaran, A., 1998, “Agile Manufacturing:
Agile manufacturing: enablers and an
 Ian Christian, I, Ismail H, Mooney J, Snowden S,
Toward M, Zhang D, (2011) Agile Manufacturing
 Masaud S.A.,(2003) Agile Manufacturing
Sysytem Scheduling Using Genetic
 Moustafaeipour A, Fallahnezhad M.S.,(2010)
Respınsive and Agile Manufacturing
 Styugova T, Noskievikova D, (2013)
 Sanchez L.M., Nagi R, (2001) A review of
Research, vol. 39, no. 16, 3561-3600
 Y.
Y. Yusuf & E. O. Adeleye (2002) A
comparative study of lean and agile
Journal of Production Research, 40:17,
4545-4562, Retrieved on 9 th of May
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