aggression

Topics: Aggression, Relational aggression, Violence Pages: 9 (1986 words) Published: September 9, 2014


Aggression: Its Nature, Causes, and Control
Jennifer Heras
University of California, Riverside

Abstract
Aggression is a form of negative behavior that can originate during childhood, and if it is rehearsed enough then it can become problematic in adulthood. Many factors are involved in the development of aggression, and it is beneficial to know these factors so that this behavior can be prevented. Aggression can result in negative consequences, so it is imperative that we are aware of how to control it. Aggression

Aggression: Its Nature, Causes, and Control
Rowell L. Huesmann (1988) focuses on the development of aggression and the types of factors included in its development. He claims that aggressive behavior is developed since childhood, and factors such as family, environment, and cognitive characteristics can dictate how aggression is immersed. A child is most likely to become aggressive by observing frequent aggression, being reinforced for aggressive acts, and for just being the object of aggression. He claims that observing violence creates violent scripts for children, and if these children continue to practice them then they will be aggressive in the future. These violent scripts can be developed through the networking of people with social behaviors that respond to aggression. In addition, Huesmann (1988) explains about a past study that found that children who are really aggressive tend to be less popular, less intelligent, watch violence in the social media and believe that the violence they watch represents real life settings. These factors create the violent scripts that tend to become reinforced frequently in the future. Once a certain cue enacts a script that becomes encoded in kids’ memories, and it is likely that when this cue comes up again in the future they will become aggressive. If a person becomes aggressive during their childhood, then they will most likely be aggressive in the future as adults resulting in severe unlawful consequences. In the end, he claims that knowing the nature and causes of aggression is very important because it will allow us to stop it before it gets more developed.

Aggression is played every day in society. In the medical field, aggression is a common factor in the hospital and the medical staff must know how to deal with it. D. Pulsford, A. Crumpton, A. Baker, T. Wilkins, K. Wright, and J. Duxbury (2013) stress that the medical staffs’ actions towards a patient’s aggression will depend on their attitudes and beliefs that they have toward patient aggression. They have two different approaches for aggression: primary prevention methods that will include medicating them, using restraint, or seclusion, and using interpersonal approaches. According to Pulsford et al., (2013), based on the cause of the patients’ aggression, the nurses will respond with a certain method accordingly. They speak about three different models, the internal model, external model, and situational/interactional model. The internal model suggests that a patient’s aggression is due to their personality and/or mental disabilities. The external model suggests that environmental factors, such as their location, is the cause for their aggression. Finally, the situational/interactional model states that the type of relationship the patients and staff have will depict the degree of aggression. They claim that nurses in acute departments tend to agree with the internal model and therefore provide the primary prevention methods to address the violent aggression acts as opposed to interpersonal means. However, they found that patients reclined more on the external and situational/interactional model to depict aggression as opposed to medical professionals who focused more on the internal model. Consequently, as part of their study they decided to create...

References: Huesmann, L. (1988). An Information Processing Model for the Development of Aggression. Aggressive Behavior. 14, 13-24.
Juujarvi, P., Kaartinen, J., Pulkkinen, L., Vanninen, E., & Laitinen, T. (2006). Controlling reactive aggression through cognitive evaluation of proactive aggression cues. Cognitive and Emotion. 20, 759-784.
Pulsford, D., Crumpton, A., Baker, A., Wilkins, T., Wright, K., & Duxbury, J. (2013). Aggression in a high secure hospital: staff and patient attitudes. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 20, 296-304.m
Spieker, S., Campbell, S., Vandergrift, N., Pierce, K., Cauffman, E., Susman, E., Roisman, G. (2011). Relational Aggression in Middle Childhood:Predictors and Adolescent Outcomes. Social Development. 1-23.de
Wright, M. & Li, Y. (2013). Normative Beliefs About Aggression and Cyber Aggression
Among Young Adults: A Longitudinal Investigation. Aggressive Behavior. 39, 161-170.
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