Aging is an inevitable and natural part of life. Having to deal with a multitude of different patients, nurses should understand that each age group will have different needs that must be fulfilled. For example, one would require a different mindset working with a geriatric population versus the pediatric population. It is important to know about the natural changes that come with aging, and how it can affect a person socially, physically, and cognitively. Developmental Tasks and Psychosocial Changes
The way that people adjust to aging is very specific to the individual. There are many new changes that each person will have to cope with while aging into an older adult. Some of these changes include adjusting to decreasing health and physical strength, dealing with the death of family and friends, developing self-acceptance, redefining relationships with adult children, and finding new ways to maintain a high quality of life (Potter and Perry, 2013, pp. 173). In the case of Mr. Calderone, adjusting to his decreasing health and decreasing physical strength seems to be an issue for him. As someone who spends time playing tennis, running, and walking local trails, it may be hard to come to terms with needing to slow down. Regarding psychosocial changes, one who is aging will need to start dealing with changes surrounding retirement, social isolation, sexuality, housing and environment, and death (Potter, 2013, pp. 180). Mr. Calderone is a retired army general. Although he is retired, he is still in the army general mindset, and spends time barking orders to his wife and nurses. It seems as though he has not accepted his new role as retired, and is still very authoritative. Physical and Cognitive Changes
With aging comes an inevitable physical change in one’s body. There are specific physiological changes that affect each system of the body, from the physically noticeable integumentary system, to the unseen changes in respiratory...
References: Ackley, B. J., & Ladwig, G. B. (2014). Nursing diagnosis handbook: An evidence-based guide to planning care (10th ed.). Maryland Heights, MO: Mosby Elsevier.
Potter, P. A., & Perry, A. G. (2013). Fundamentals of nursing (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.
Upchurch, S., Henry, T., Pine, R., & Rickles, A. (2014). HESI comprehensive review for the NCLEX-RN examination (4th ed.). Mosby Elsevier.
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