Age & Gender Structure of Population in Hong Kong

Topics: Demography, Population, Demographic economics Pages: 22 (3553 words) Published: June 23, 2014


SOCI110033.01
China’s Population and Development
Spring Term Paper

Age & Gender Structure of Population in Hong Kong

Lam Poon Hiu, Theresa

Summary
1. Abstract
2. Introduction
3. Background
4. Statistics and Data Interpretation
4.1 Overview
4.2 Age Structure
4.3 Sex Structure
5. Observations
6.1 Ageing population
6.2 Surplus women
6. Suggestions on Policy
7. Predictions
8. Conclusion
9. References

1. Abstract

Along with the social and economic development of Hong Kong during the past few decades, there are plenty of changes in the characteristics of population in Hong Kong. An analysis of the components of population change would be crucial for our understanding of the changes in Hong Kong’s population size and its age-sex composition. This also provides the basic information required for making assumptions in the population projections and for formulating population-related policies.

This term paper mainly utilizes the results of Population Census held by Census and Statistics Department of Hong Kong Government in four respective years, namely 1991 Population Census, 2001 Population Census and 2011 Population Census. Together with statistics from other sources, this term paper aims to give a general review of the age and gender structure of population in Hong Kong.

This term paper also covers the key trends and phenomenon of Hong Kong’s population and hence explores their economic, social and political impacts on Hong Kong’s development. Specifically, it includes some comparisons of selected characteristics between Hong Kong women and men and between different age groups. The problems that are likely to incur, benefits that maybe brought about and predictions on the Hong Kong’s population development in future are also discussed in the paper. Lastly, this paper is concluding with suggested policy options to improve on Hong Kong’s current population-related policy in order to provide a balanced analysis.

Key Words: Ageing population, Marriage, Social-political, Economic, Cultural change 2. Introduction

Hong Kong, locates at East-Asia, is special administrative region of People’s Public of China. Though Hong Kong is small city with a land area of only 1,104 square kilometers, around one sixth of Shanghai city, there are more than 7.2 million people living in Hong Kong and it becomes one of the most densely populated city in world. Having a large amount of talented people and labor capitals, Hong Kong has successfully developed itself into the city with seventh highest per capita income in the world even Hong Kong itself does not own much natural resources.

Benefit from a British colonial background, Hong Kong has established the free port in early 20th century and which was a decisive opportunity making Hong Kong a major trading center from the start and attracting people from China and European countries. Until now, Hong Kong has already been serving as one of the major financial center in the world and its currency, Hong Kong dollar, is the eighth most traded currency in the world.

Apart from low taxation and free trade, Hong Kong is also characterized by its modern architecture in city’s center and highly developed transportation network with the public transport travelling rate exceeding 90 percent which is the highest in the world. The unique blend of eastern-western and past-present cultures attracting millions of tourists from all part of world to sightsee this shopping and food paradise and experience the nightlife here.

3. Background

The terminology “Asian Tigers” is used to refer Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan, these highly free and developed Asian economies. These areas were notable for maintaining exceptionally high growth rates and rapid industrialization between the early 1960s and 1990s. By the 21st century, all four had developed into advanced and high-income economies,...

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