Age, Gender Differences, Academic performance a relation to Depression among

Topics: Gender, Major depressive disorder, Sexual dimorphism Pages: 9 (2450 words) Published: February 27, 2014


The purpose of present study was to investigate the relationship between academic performance and depression among students of University of Gujrat. It was a cross-sectional study. Convenient sampling was used to select sample of 50 males and 50 females. Depression Anxiety Stress Scale was used for the measurement. Findings of study showed that there is a positive relationship between age and academic performance with depression.

Chapter I

Present study was designed to investigate about age and gender differences in’ and relationship with academic performance and depression. The main purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between gender differences ,academic performance and depression among Uog students. Gender

Gender is the range of physical, mental, and behavioral characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity. Depending on the context, the term may refer to biological sex (i.e. the state of being male, female or intersex), sex-based social structures (including gender roles and other social roles), or gender identity. According to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, "Gender is cultural and is the term to use when referring to women and men as social groups. Sex is biological; use it when the biological distinction is predominant." And according to the World Health Organization, "Sex refers to the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women. Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women." Depression

Depression is a mental illness in which a person has feelings of sadness, instability, loneliness, hopelessness, worthlessness, and guilt. Depression is a common mental disorder and can be successfully treated.

Signs and symptoms include
Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" feelings
Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism
Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
Irritability, restlessness
Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable, including sex Fatigue and decreased energy
Difficulty concentrating, remembering details, and making decisions Insomnia, early-morning wakefulness, or excessive sleeping
Overeating, or appetite loss
Thoughts of suicide, suicide attempts
Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment.

Gender and Depression
When asked about symptoms of depression, women are more likely to admit to such features than men, a difference usually put down to women being more open and men being more likely to use denial. Similarly, women are more prepared to seek help than men for their depression. A variety of biological, social, and psychological explanations for women’s increased vulnerability to depression also has been evaluated. Research examining hormonal influences has received more attention than biological factors but both have produced inconclusive results and presently do not appear to account for the gender difference in rates (cf. reviews by McGrath et al., 1990; Rice et al., 1984; Kornstein, 1997).

Academic performance
An academic performance is how well someone does during their academics. This means, how well they did with school and all the activities that go along with it. workplace is critical for these individuals, this relationship has not been adequately investigated. Depression is a common disorder that impacts an individual's ability to perform life activities, including those required by the workplace. Academic performance can be viewed as a direct parallel to workforce performance, with students belonging to a unique set of individuals whose ability to perform can be measured on criteria...
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