African Resistance to Colonial Rule

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A YOADE MONSUR A., DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND
I NTERNATIONAL STUDIES, UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN,
N IGERIA
AFRICAN RESISTANCE TO COLONIAL RULE A BIG STEP IN THE CONTINENT’S
INDEPENDENT
Industrialization stirred ambition in many European nations they wanted more resources to fuel their industrial production. They compete for new market for their goods .they looked to Africa as a source of the raw material and as well as market for their goods.
However European had earlier establish contact with Africa as early as the
1450s, they actually controlled very little land. Powerful African armies were able to keep the European out of most of Africa for four centuries.it was gathered that the first explorer of Africa were the Portuguese in the 15th century, at that time the gap between the European and the African in term of development was not much. Thus four centuries had marked a significant change in term of development in Europe which Africa cannot match. That prompts the European occupation of Africa.
The berlin conference which took place between the 15th November ,1884 and
26th November,1885,the berlin west African conference, to prevent fighting 14
European nation met at the berlin conference to laydown rules for the division of Africa. The essence of the conference as it were was to laydown rules of the game, the do and don’ts of European occupation interest in Africa which were later articulated.
However in achieving total occupation of Africa the Europeans used diplomacy or military invasion or both in achieving their aim. Every nooks and cranny of
Africa followed in most cases by military invasions, conquest, and occupation by armies of varying sizes and discipline. The period from 1800-1900 marked the highest level of European conquest and occupation of Africa. During these time all African had same objective that is defending their sovereignty and traditional way of life, it is the strategies that varies. Three options were opened to

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