AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND
INVOLUNTARY RESETTLEMENT POLICY
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page List of Acronyms Executive Summary 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.0 Background Policy Rationale Document Organisation (i-iv) 1 1 2 2
REVIEW OF INVOLUNTARY RESETTLEMENT EXPERIENCE AND LESSONS LEARNT 4
2.1 2.2 2.3
Review of Bank Group’s Experience Experience of other Multilateral Development Banks Lessons Learnt
4 6 7
THE POLICY 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Policy Goal Policy Objectives Guiding Principles The Policy Framework
9 9 9 9 11 16
4.1 4.2 4.3
Resettlement Strategy Operational Strategy Institutional Strategy
16 20 22
ANNEXES Annex A: Annex B: Outline of a Typical Resettlement Plan An Abbreviated resettlement Plan
LIST OF ACRONYMS
ARP CBO EIA ESIA ESAP ESMP FI FRP IDRP MDB NGO PAP PCR PIC PPF PRA PRSP PSDU RP RMC TM
Abbreviated Resettlement Plan Civil Society Organisation Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Environment and Social Assessment Procedures Environmental and Social Management Plan Financial Intermediary Full Resettlement Plan Involuntary Displacement and Resettlement in Development Projects Multilateral Development Bank Non Governmental Organisation Project Affected Persons Project Completion Report Public information Center Project Preparation Facility Participatory Rapid Appraisal Poverty Reduction Development Strategic Paper Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Unit Resettlement Plan Regional Member Countries Task Manager
i EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. The Bank Group involuntary resettlement policy has been developed to cover involuntary displacement and resettlement of people caused by a Bank financed project and it applies when a project results in relocation or loss of shelter by the persons residing in the project area, assets being lost or livelihoods being affected. The policy is set within the framework of the Bank’s Vision in which poverty reduction represents the overarching goal. Within this goal, the strategic action to achieve sustainable development will be pursued. It reaffirms therefore the commitment of the Bank to promote environmental and social mainstreaming as a means of fostering poverty reduction, economic development and social well being in Africa. It is therefore meant to assist the Bank and borrowers to address resettlement issues in order to mitigate the negative impacts of displacement and resettlement and establish sustainable economy and society. Policy Rationale 2. The Bank Group Environmental Policy was approved in 1990. The overall objective of the policy is to ensure that environmental concerns are incorporated in all Banks’ funded operations. To put this policy into action, Environmental Assessment Guidelines were prepared and adopted in 1992. Then, in 1995, the Bank released the Guidelines on Involuntary Displacement and Resettlement for Bank financed projects. However, these guidelines lack clarity on policy related issues and requirements which the new policy on displacement and resettlement strengthens. Review of Involuntary Resettlement Experience and Lessons Learnt 3. The Bank Group experience on involuntary resettlement is limited. It is related to projects involving agricultural and rural development such as irrigation schemes, transport projects such as the construction of road, port or airport, and large and medium sized infrastructure development projects such as dams for water storage or power generation. For these projects, resettlement issues have been assessed in the past through Environmental and Social Impact Assessment studies. The borrowing agency has the primary responsibility for planning, implementing and monitoring resettlement issues. Although, most Regional Member Countries (RMC) have laws and procedures for expropriation of lands,...
Bibliography: African Development Bank. (1990). Environmental Policy Paper.
African Development Bank. (1992). Environmental Assessment Guidelines.
World Bank. (1999). Involuntary Resettlement – Draft Operation Policy 12.
Inter-American Development Bank. (1999). Draft Involuntary Resettlement in IDB Projects – Principles and Guidelines.
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