African American Studies paper

Topics: Martin Luther King, Jr., Civil disobedience, Nonviolence Pages: 4 (1369 words) Published: April 3, 2014

Page 1
The civil rights movement was a mass protest movement against racial segregation and discrimination in the southern states that came to a national eminence during the mid 1950’s. This movement can be said to be a “long time coming” for African slaves and their descendants to resist racial oppression, especially after the United States abolished slavery. Although, slaves were emancipated during the civil war & were then granted basic civil rights through the passing of the 14th amendment and 15th amendment they still struggled and suffered trying to get “equality” for the next hundred years. Throughout the period of time in which African Americans fought for equality, desegregation and racism, the United States made massive changes. Beginning with the Jim Crow Laws, the countless court cases and the vast impact on the Civil Rights leaders during this time period of trying to gain “equality” there were two sides to this fight. One side was through the nonviolent protest while the other side was more of an active resistance.

The modern period of the civil rights movement can ultimately be divided into several phases. Each act of a protest first started off small and ultimately became big. The Brown vs. Board of Education demonstrated that the process of taking legal action strategy of the NAACP could challenge the legal foundations of southern. This thought or strategy would only work if blacks came together instead of individually trying to conquer. Therefore during the 1950’s and 1960’s the NAACP sponsored legal suits and social movement seeking social changes accompanied legislative lobbying. The primary phase of the black protest began on Page 2

December 1, 1955 when a woman named Rosa Parks, of Montgomery, Alabama, refused to give up her seat to a white bus rider. In the result of not giving her seat up she was defying a southern custom that required blacks to give seats toward the front of the buses to whites. Therefore by not giving up her...

Citations: Page
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From Black Revolution to "Radical Humanism": Malcolm X between Biography and International History. (n.d.). Home. Retrieved December 4, 2013, from
McKinney, S. (n.d.). Malcolm X. 20th Century History. Retrieved December 4, 2013, from
Nonviolent Resistance. (n.d.). Nonviolent Resistance. Retrieved December 4, 2013, from
Southern Christian Leadership Conference. (n.d.). Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Retrieved December 5, 2013, from
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