Preview

African American Racial Group Research Paper

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
731 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
African American Racial Group Research Paper
Good morning readers, today’s blog will be about the African American racial group. Through this reading we will answer many questions. Like, what have been the experiences of this racial group throughout history? What have been political, social, and cultural issues and concerns throughout American history? What legislation meant to constrain race within prejudicial boundaries? How did the group fight this legislation? Finally, what legislation meant to alleviate prejudicial boundaries has been enacted? How did the group promote this legislation?
Most African Americans are descendants of slaves. Many of these slaves were sold into slavery as P.O.W.s by other African states. The others were kidnapped by their own people or many others like
…show more content…
The rights of free blacks were also restricted in many places, and many of them were denied the right to vote and were excluded from public school. Then in 1790 there were more than 59,000 free blacks in America and by 1810 the number had risen to 186,446. By the 1830s there were more than 319,000 free Blacks in America. With the Supreme Court’s “Dred Scott” decision blacks were not considered citizens nor could they ever be citizens. With the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation slaves were free in the southern states. It was the 13th Amendment that outlawed slavery in America, and the 14th Amendment that granted full U.S. citizenship to African-Americans. The 15th Amendment extended the right to vote to black males. With the Jim Crow laws state and local laws mandated De Jure segregation in all public facilities through …show more content…
State and local laws known as Jim Crow laws were enacted between 1876 and 1965. They made de jure racial segregation in all public facilities of Southern states. It started in 1890 with "separate but equal" status for African Americans. Separate but equal led to conditions for blacks that tended to be inferior to the ones provided for whites. These De jure segregations were mainly in the Southern states. In 1955 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. Do to this action she was arrested and charged with civil disobedience. This action and the many other demonstrations which it started would lead to a series of legislative decisions that contributed to undoing the Jim Crow system. Blacks also took part in the Montgomery Bus Boycott which was led by Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. earlier demonstrations like the one led by K. Leroy Irvis of Pittsburgh's Urban League in 1947, was against employment discrimination by Pittsburgh's department

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Approximately 100 years after the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln many African Americans were still being treated unequally through segregation, and various forms of oppression, including race-inspired crimes. Segregation was a very common practice that was legal due to the separate but equal doctrine. This doctrine allowed local governments to segregate colored people from the whites. This segregation was seen in many aspects of an urban city such as drinking fountains, restrooms, restaurants, schools, and city busses. In December of 1955, the process of equality for colored people would begin with Rosa Parks not giving up her seat for a white man. This event would go on to ignite the Montgomery bus boycott.…

    • 1790 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Reconstruction Dbq

    • 1142 Words
    • 5 Pages

    In 1865, Amendment Thirteen of the United States was ratified. The article states that all slaves residing in the nation or any of its corresponding territories are deemed emancipated. (Document A) Though the article does publicly mandate emancipation, it fails in successfully granting freedom to previous slaves. Southern states imposed “black codes” upon the newly freedmen. These diminishing codes restricted various activities and behaviors of the black community. Many included the prevention of interracial marriage, black testaments against whites in court of law, and jobs outside of agriculture. Clearly, the Thirteenth Amendment was not strictly imposed upon the once rebellious southern states. Three years later, congress decided to enact another article that would annul the previously mandated Dred Scott Decision of 1957, which states that blacks could not be legal citizens. This newly established document was titled the Fourteenth Amendment. The amendment itself stated that all persons born or naturalized in the…

    • 1142 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Segregation between the White Americans and African Americans as a result of the Jim Crow Laws from 1876 to 1965 had great effect on the African American community both physically and psychologically. Despite this, inequality between the races sparked many cases of rebellion and civil disobedience as African Americans stood up not only to defend themselves but also their people. Their aim was to abolish all segregation laws and create a race equal America in which African Americans could live with the lifestyle as all other citizens. Examples of peaceful protests include the Plessy vs. Ferguson case, the Rosa Parks incident, the Emmett Till case and the Brown vs. Board of Education case. These social movements became important events in history which influenced the society of the time and eventually became contributing factors to the Civil Rights Movement (1955 – 1968).…

    • 771 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The focus of this paper is to highlight one of many special population groups within the United States, the African American community. This paper will give a preliminary understanding of the African American community, as well as an understanding of the problems associated with this community. Research included will provide information on the causes and consequences of the problems associated with the African American community, the involvement of social agencies in response to problems within the African American community, and the U.S. legislative actions relative to the African American community. This paper…

    • 2223 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    The boycott began on the 1st December 1955 with Rosa Parks in Montgomery, Alabama, with Rosa Parks. She refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man on demand. She was arrested and imprisoned for violating the law. This was the beginning of the campaign of non-violence. In protest to Parks' arrest, the African American community, who comprised 75% of bus users in Montgomery, began…

    • 573 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    It was during 1955 when Rosa Park refused to move to her seat and give it to a white passenger, during those times it is required by the law to automatically reserve the seat for the white, because of her resistance she was sentenced to jail. The NAACP took advantage of the opportunity to challenge the law; they advocated the one-day boycott to save the rights of the minority against the segregation of the black in transportation in public places. This lead to the encouragement and participation of more residents in Southern City and a huge percentage joined the protest by not riding the Montgomery buses, because of their success more boycott was initiated to underpin the segregation law. When the black continue to resist traveling using the Montgomery buses some of them were arrested, but the Montgomery Boycott lasted for more than a year and ended up with the court ruling that this segregation system of the black in public transportation was indeed unconstitutional, once again it is another victory for the Civil Rights Movement (Blum,…

    • 781 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    African-Americans faced many inequalities in America which made many conduct the black civil rights movement to achieve justice and equality. Racial segregation was a system the white Americans put in place to keep African Americans to a lower social status, denying them equal access to public facilities, and keeping them separate from whites. During the era of slavery, most African Americans were in the South rural areas. In that time segregation wasn’t necessary as the boundaries between the whites and the slaves were clear. After the civil war, white supremacy was threatened. In 1865 slavery was abolished and the fourteenth amendment was changed in 1868 to extend citizenship and equal protection of the law to African-Americans. In 1883 the supreme court of the United States declared the statute unconstitutional for regulating. Racist government took hold in the South while the Federal Government had minimalized its strong enforcement of black civil rights. With white controlled government back in…

    • 3384 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    The Civil Rights Movement was a time in which African Americans struggled from the mid-1950s into the 1960s to gain civil rights that made them equal to that of whites. The movement was intended to restore the citizenship of black people, which had been tarnished and tainted by Jim Crow laws of the South. These Jim Crow laws, also known as black codes, passed by Southern states, legalized segregation between blacks and whites. Later becoming the norm of the South, black codes regulated where black people can and cannot go, whom they can and cannot marry, and the rights they were able to make use of. An example, almost the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement, is the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Regarded as the movement that began the Modern Civil Rights, the bus boycott, lasting 381 days, was the first massive protest that defied Jim Crow. Before the boycott, seamstress and NAACP activist, Rosa Parks violated the norm that kept blacks and whites separate. Despite her fears of being arrested, Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man. This action later caused her to get arrested. Little did the community of Southern white racists know, the arrest of Rosa Parks ignited a 13-month protest from December 5, 1955 to December 20, 1956.…

    • 1600 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Define the following terms. You may use definitions from the class readings, or from outside sources. If your definitions are from outside sources, cite the source(s) using APA style with in-text citations and a reference list.…

    • 394 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Montgomery Bus Boycotts (1955-56) were sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks (part of the NAACP since 1943), on 1 December 1955 where she refused to give up her seat for a white man. This started a 13 month mass boycott and ending with the Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public busses is unconstitutional. NAACP lawyers took on her court case, optimistic that they could ride the issue to the Supreme Court, in light of their recent victory in the case of Brown v. Board of Education. The organizers of the boycott came from a variety of black groups, such as the NAACP and the Women’s Political Council, King was elected as president.…

    • 1398 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Montgomery bus boycott was one of the countless things that Martin Luther King Jr. has accomplished for the world. It was a protest against racial segregation on the public transportation vehicles in Montgomery, Alabama. The protest began, on Dec. 1, 1955. Rosa parks was chosen to be a sort of mascot for the camapaing after being was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white person. The next day Martin Luther King Jr. organized the botcott.…

    • 120 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Parks boarded a Montgomery city bus after getting off of work, she paid her fare and boarded the back of the bus as required by city code. As the bus traveled deeper into its route it began to fill and some of the Caucasian passengers didn’t have a place to sit so the driver pulled the bus over and instructed several African American passengers to move further to the rear of the bus, Mrs. Parks refused. Her refusal to move resulted in her arrest which angered many members of the NAACP (Think). As a result of her injustice many African American leaders pleaded to the community to boycott the buses until Jim Crow laws were lifted and separate but equal was no longer…

    • 548 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Negroes in America are at one of the most critical periods in their history, the burdens of oppression which accumulated by discriminations from generations to generations seem to be relieved by years of liberation wars. However, all the previous struggle and fight for freedom is just the preface of the book about Negro emancipation, the main content of future and prospect should be written by more arduous and assiduous striving.…

    • 355 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Blacks attempted to build up their own communities and support themselves in 1921, Tulsa, Oklahoma home to Little Africa. This community was home to over 9,000 American Africans. Providing a sense of being seeing as though the only residence in Greenwood were American African with their own schools, banks, employment, they do not need leave their community for anything. One day a white woman claimed that a young black man raped her in the elevator. The white community was outraged at this news. The whites burned, looted and destroyed homes, and businesses, while killing and injuring the residence of Greenwood. The argument I’m trying to make is that the American African‘s communities and lives even if peaceful and separate from the whites are…

    • 137 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Race and Ethnicity are two are distinctive characteristics in human beings; Race is related to science of biology and life, Ethnicity ties in with what type of culture is presented. Racial distinctions are extremely important, if it were not for diversification within societies, equality would ruin the balance of race and ethnicity. Subsequently, equality has been a major issue in today's world, but the battle should be shifted to go against equality. Equality is awfully comparable to socialism, and a socialistic cultural is not wanted in the United States. The U.S. is immensely populated with the idea of capitalistic culture, where people from all over the world come to American to become diverse and are able to become highly opportunistic.…

    • 217 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays